Unconsolidated surficial deposits, undivided

Unit symbol: Qs
Age range Quaternary (1.806 to 0 Ma)
Lithology: Unconsolidated
Group name: Unconsolidated and poorly consolidated surficial deposits
Unconsolidated, poorly to well-sorted, poorly to moderately well-stratified deposits; consist predominantly of alluvial, colluvial, marine, lacustrine, eolian, and swamp deposits. May include some glacial deposits. Also includes widespread glacial and periglacial deposits that consist of end, lateral, and ground moraine, outwash, rock glacier deposits, and other glacial and periglacial deposits as well as glacially scoured bedrock that may be covered with thin, glacially derived deposits. These glacial deposits are of Holocene and Pleistocene age and may include small areas of potentially latest Tertiary deposits. Map unit locally includes reworked volcanic debris as well as block and ash flows. On generalized map, shown as part of unit QTs

Source map information

Source map Winkler, G.R., Silberman, M.L., Grantz, Arthur, Miller, R.J., and MacKevett, E.M., Jr., 1981, Geologic map and summary geochronology of the Valdez quadrangle, southern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-892-A, 2 sheets, scale 1:250,000. and modifications by Winkler, 1997).
Symbol Q
Unit name Undifferentiated surficial deposits
Description The deposits include alluvium, colluvium, talus, landslides, rock glaciers, eolian and paludal deposits, and a variety of lacustrine, morainal, and ice contact.
Lithology Unconsolidated

Correlated geologic units

Label Qs
Description Surficial deposits, undifferentiated
Geologic age Pleistocene to Holocene
Geologic setting Unconsolidated
Lithology Form Importance
Gravel < Coarse-detrital < Unconsolidated Bed Indeterminate, major
Sand < Coarse-detrital < Unconsolidated Bed Indeterminate, major
Clay < Fine-detrital < Unconsolidated Bed Indeterminate, major
Silt < Fine-detrital < Unconsolidated Bed Indeterminate, major
Peat < Unconsolidated Bed Indeterminate, major