Kuna Formation

Unit symbol: Mlgk
Age range Mississippian (358.9 to 323.2 Ma)
Lithology: Sedimentary
Group name: Kuna Formation (Lisburne Group)
Predominantly black siliceous mudstone and sooty, carbonaceous shale, including minor light-gray bioclastic limestone interbeds and concretions. Siliceous beds are rich in sponge spicules and radiolarians. Thin carbonate layers are chiefly dolomitic mudstone and calcified radiolarite. Sedimentological and faunal evidence suggests that the Kuna was deposited in a deep-water setting in which low oxygen conditions prevailed. Maximum thickness about 100 m (Mull and others, 1982). Conodonts from carbonate layers near base of type section in Howard Pass quadrangle are early middle Osagean, or approximately Middle Mississippian (Dover and others, 2004); conodont-bearing layers also contain rare cephalopods of Osagean and Meramecian (approximately Middle Mississippian) age. Siliceous beds in the uppermost Kuna yield radiolarians of Late Mississippian to Early Pennsylvanian age (Mull and Werdon, 1994; Dover and others, 2004). Unit is considered Mississippian, although an early Pennsylvanian age is locally possible for the uppermost beds. Unit is primarily exposed in the western Brooks Range, but as mapped here includes small exposures of similar rocks in northeast Alaska

Source map information

Source map Mull, C.G., Moore, T.E., Harris, E.E., and Tailleur, I.L., 1994, Geologic map of the Killik River quadrangle, Brooks Range, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-679, 1 sheet, scale 1:125,000.
Symbol IPMk
Unit name Kuna Formation of Lisburne Group; Endicott Mountains Allochthon, Key Creek Sequence
Description Interbedded black siliceous mudstone, sooty limestone and dolomite, and shale; forms low resistant ridges north of mountain front. Reference section for formation is located on Otuk Creek 2.5 km north of mountain front. In Howard Pass quad, contains Osagean (Late Toumaisian) conodonts, but siliceous zones at top elsewhere contain Osageian to Morrowan radiolarians.
Lithology Sedimentary

Correlated geologic units

Label Mlku
Description Lisburne Group, Kuna Formation, also includes black carbonaceous metachert, quartzite, and siliceous or calcareous phyllite, commonly distinctive silvery blue (phosphatic) bloom on weathered surfaces
Geologic age Mississippian to Late-Mississippian
Geologic setting Sedimentary, slope-and-deep-water
Lithology Form Importance
Chert < Chemical < Sedimentary Bed Major
Shale < Mudstone < Clastic < Sedimentary Carbonaceous Major
Limestone < Carbonate < Sedimentary Bed Incidental