Kanayut Conglomerate and Noatak Sandstone, undivided

Unit symbol: MDegk
Age range Lower Mississippian and Upper Devonian (382.7 to 346.7 Ma)
Lithology: Sedimentary
Group name: Kanayut Conglomerate and Noatak Sandstone, undivided (Endicott Group)
Kanayut Conglomerate is one of the most widely exposed units of the Endicott Group. Nilsen and Moore (1984) locally divided it into three formal members (in ascending order): the Ear Peak, Shainin Lake, and Stuver Members. It is also commonly mapped as an undivided unit with the Noatak Sandstone. Kanayut Conglomerate has been mapped across the breadth of the Brooks Range, from the east end, by Brosgé and others (1962), to the westernmost Brooks Range, by Nilsen and Moore (1984). Where Kanayut Conglomerate and Noatak Sandstone are mapped undivided, the lower marine part of section corresponds to the Noatak Sandstone and upper parts of section represent the Kanayut Conglomerate. The lowermost member, the Ear Peak, is a sequence of fining-upward fluvial cycles of conglomerate, sandstone, and shale as thick as 1,160 m, deposited by meandering streams. The Shainin Lake Member is a sequence of fining-upward couplets of conglomerate and sandstone as thick as 530 m, deposited by braided streams. The Stuver Member is a sequence of fining-upward fluvial cycles of conglomerate, sandstone, and shale as thick as 1,300 m, deposited by meandering streams. Mull and others (1987b) suggest that the proportion of conglomerate decreases southward in the Kanayut Conglomerate. Metamorphic grade increases towards the metamorphic core of the Brooks Range (Central Belt of Till and others, 2008a). Age control based on plant fossils, largely of Late Devonian age, but including Early Mississippian plants. Noatak Sandstone described below where it is mapped separately

Source map information

Source map Kelley, J.S., 1990, Generalized geologic map of the Chandler Lake quadrangle, north-central Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-2144-A, 19 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.
Symbol MDku
Unit name Kanayut Conglomerate, upper part
Description Consists of Stuver and Shainin Lake Members. Stuver Member is sandstone, siltstone, conglomerate and shale. Consists of iron-stained sandstone ranging from very fine-grained to very coarse-grained and conglomeratic. Sandstone is orthoquartzite and quartz-rich. Member also includes micaceous, very silty and sandy dark-gray to grayish-black shale and argillaceous siltstone. Shainin Lake Member consist mostly of conglomerate and sandstone; conglomerate is as much half of unit. Conglomerate is principally framework-supported generally well-rounded pebbles and cobbles of mostly chert, quartz, and quartzite. Member also includes reddish-brown, greenish-gray, and dark-gray to grayish-black silty, sandy shale, siltstone, and argillaceous sandstone.
Lithology Sedimentary

Correlated geologic units

Label Dkyq
Description Endicott Group, Kanayut Conglomerate - Quartz arenite and quartz wacke member
Geologic age Frasnian to Famennian
Geologic setting Sedimentary, continental
Lithology Form Importance
Shale < Mudstone < Clastic < Sedimentary Bed Major
Quartz-arenite < Arenite < Sandstone < Clastic < Sedimentary Bed Major