Youngest volcanic rocks

Unit symbol: Qv
Age range Quaternary and latest Tertiary? (1.806 to 0 Ma)
Lithology: Igneous - Volcanic
Group name: Young volcanic and shallow intrusive rocks
Volcanic rocks ranging in composition from rhyolite to basalt. Along the Aleutian magmatic arc and the Wrangell Mountains, the rocks are predominantly andesite and lesser dacite and basalt of calc-alkaline and tholeiitic affinity in lava flows, volcanic breccia, lahar deposits, and debris-flow deposits. Lava flows and clasts in other volcanic deposits of unit are porphyritic, typically glassy, gray to black, and commonly vesicular. Unit also includes basaltic, basaltic andesite, and dacite parasitic cinder and spatter cones. Unit typically forms volcanic edifices; it also forms isolated outcrops that cap ridges, providing a good example of topography reversal, which results from erosion of surrounding country rocks, leaving exposed more erosion-resistant flows that formerly had occupied valleys. Individual flows are locally as thick as 30 m and are laterally continuous over large areas. Includes Edgecumbe Volcanics (basalt, andesite, and dacite) on Kruzof Island (Loney and others, 1975; Riehle and others, 1989) and unnamed basaltic to rhyolitic rocks on islands west of Prince Wales Island (Eberlein and others, 1983), and on Zarembo, Kuiu, and Kupreanof Islands (Brew and others, 1984). Rocks of Holocene age were recognized east of Wrangell Island (Elliott and others, 1981) and on Kruzof Island (Loney and others, 1975), and basaltic rocks of Holocene and (or) Pleistocene age are found on southern Kupreanof Island (Brew and others, 1985). On Revillagigedo Island and mainland to the east in the Ketchikan quadrangle (Berg and others, 1978, 1988) and at many other localities in southeast Alaska (Karl and others, 2012), this extrusive unit consists of alkaline-olivine basalt that forms volcanic cones, columnar jointed lava flows, and rubble flows that contain pumice and scoria; it also includes lenses of ash and lapilli a few centimeters to a few meters thick—too small to show on the map. Includes postglacial flows and pyroclastic deposits that overlie glacial deposits and landforms

Source map information

Source map Miller, T.P., Waythomas, C.F., and Nye, C.J., 2003, Preliminary geologic map of Kanaga Volcano, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-113, 2 sheets, scale 1:20,000.
Symbol Qhla
Unit name Pumice-rich lahar deposits
Description Massive, 10-to-20 meter-thick deposit on southwest side of volcano. Very coarse with cream-colored dacitic pumice clasts to 1 meter diameter and lava clasts 2 to 4 meters diameter. In places, deposit is composed almost entirely of pumice clasts and sandy matrix. Pumice clasts are bulbous and pillow-like suggesting a sub-aqueous origin. Pumice is moderately to strongly crystal-rich and is commonly banded. Top 5 meters of the deposit composed solely of granule to gravel size pumice clasts. Well-developed marginal levees. Overlain by 1906 lava flow (Qhlf 1906). Source vent not known but could be covered by younger andesitic lava flows, avalanche debris, and talus.
Lithology Unconsolidated

Correlated geologic units

Label Qmf
Description Mudflow deposits
Geologic age Pleistocene to Holocene
Geologic setting Extrusive
Lithology Form Importance
Volcanic < Igneous Volcaniclastic, lahar Indeterminate, major