Youngest volcanic rocks

Unit symbol: Qv
Age range Quaternary and latest Tertiary? (1.806 to 0 Ma)
Lithology: Igneous - Volcanic
Group name: Young volcanic and shallow intrusive rocks
Volcanic rocks ranging in composition from rhyolite to basalt. Along the Aleutian magmatic arc and the Wrangell Mountains, the rocks are predominantly andesite and lesser dacite and basalt of calc-alkaline and tholeiitic affinity in lava flows, volcanic breccia, lahar deposits, and debris-flow deposits. Lava flows and clasts in other volcanic deposits of unit are porphyritic, typically glassy, gray to black, and commonly vesicular. Unit also includes basaltic, basaltic andesite, and dacite parasitic cinder and spatter cones. Unit typically forms volcanic edifices; it also forms isolated outcrops that cap ridges, providing a good example of topography reversal, which results from erosion of surrounding country rocks, leaving exposed more erosion-resistant flows that formerly had occupied valleys. Individual flows are locally as thick as 30 m and are laterally continuous over large areas. Includes Edgecumbe Volcanics (basalt, andesite, and dacite) on Kruzof Island (Loney and others, 1975; Riehle and others, 1989) and unnamed basaltic to rhyolitic rocks on islands west of Prince Wales Island (Eberlein and others, 1983), and on Zarembo, Kuiu, and Kupreanof Islands (Brew and others, 1984). Rocks of Holocene age were recognized east of Wrangell Island (Elliott and others, 1981) and on Kruzof Island (Loney and others, 1975), and basaltic rocks of Holocene and (or) Pleistocene age are found on southern Kupreanof Island (Brew and others, 1985). On Revillagigedo Island and mainland to the east in the Ketchikan quadrangle (Berg and others, 1978, 1988) and at many other localities in southeast Alaska (Karl and others, 2012), this extrusive unit consists of alkaline-olivine basalt that forms volcanic cones, columnar jointed lava flows, and rubble flows that contain pumice and scoria; it also includes lenses of ash and lapilli a few centimeters to a few meters thick—too small to show on the map. Includes postglacial flows and pyroclastic deposits that overlie glacial deposits and landforms

Source map information

Source map Miller, T.P., Waythomas, C.F., and Nye, C.J., 2003, Preliminary geologic map of Kanaga Volcano, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-113, 2 sheets, scale 1:20,000.
Symbol Qhlf1994
Unit name Lava flows of 1994 eruption
Description Two-pyroxene porphyritic andesite; light to dark gray, unvegetated, fresh. Phenocrysts of plagioclase, clinopyroxene, orthopyroxene, and Fe-oxides with trace amounts of olivine and hornblende in a glassy groundmass. Abundant mafic inclusions. Forms blocky lava flows and volcanic breccias extruded in 1994 as three main channels on northwest flank of volcano from the summit vent to ocean. Flow field west of summit appears to have followed same channel as a recent flow visible on 1943 and 1974 aerial photographs. Well-developed levees. Location of contacts approximate and based chiefly on aerial observation and interpretation of oblique photographs.
Lithology Igneous

Correlated geologic units

Label Qhv
Description Holocene volcanic rocks
Geologic age Holocene
Geologic setting Extrusive
Lithology Form Importance
Andesite < Mafic-volcanic < Volcanic < Igneous Flow Major
Basalt < Mafic-volcanic < Volcanic < Igneous Flow Major
Mafic-volcanic < Volcanic < Igneous Pyroclastic, air fall Minor