Admiralty Island and Cenotaph Volcanics

Unit symbol: Tca
Age range Tertiary, Miocene to Oligocene (33.9 to 5.333 Ma)
Lithology: Igneous - Volcanic
Group name: Older volcanic rocks, undivided
Admiralty Island Volcanics consist of a wide range of volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks primarily exposed on Admiralty, Kupreanof, and Kuiu Islands in southeast Alaska and range from rhyolite to basalt, although rhyolite is uncommon. Rhyolite is quartz and feldspar porphyritic, light-gray or light-brown when fresh and buff, white, green, lavender, maroon, or pink where altered; occurs in domes, as dikes up to several meters thick in swarms, or as breccia (Brew and others, 1984; Karl and others, 1999). Dacite found in flows that have large amygdules lined with silicate minerals and abundant inclusions of igneous rock types (Brew and others, 1984). Basalt or andesite flows are dark-gray and less commonly light-gray, grayish-green or red, commonly sparsely porphyritic and often contain phenocrysts of labradorite-bytownite feldspar, augite, and uncommon olivine and hypersthene. Tuff and breccia beds are interlayered with flows in lower part of the sequence. Locally the flows are altered and sheared along major linear features believed to be faults of considerable displacement. In several places sandstone and conglomerate are interbedded with flows and tuff beds at the base (Lathram and others, 1965). Cenotaph Volcanics are found in the Mount Fairweather quadrangle and are andesitic volcanic rocks, volcanic breccia and tuff, siltstone, sandstone, and conglomerate (D.A. Brew, written commun., 1997)

Source map information

Source map Karl, S.M., Haeussler, P.J., and McCafferty, Anne, 1999, Reconnaissance geologic map of the Duncan Canal-Zarembo Island area, southeast Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 99-168, 1 sheet, scale 1:125,000.
Symbol QTc
Unit name Volcaniclastic deposits
Description Chiefly block and ash deposits, mafic to felsic tuff, tuff breccia, lapilli tuff, and unclassified pyroclastic deposits. Unsorted; gray, pink, green, white, maroon. Includes lahars, matrix supported debris flows, and turbidites with graded beds. Tuffaceous deposits altered to clay. Contains rare coaly plant material. Clasts and matrix are dominantly felsic. Sparse disseminated pyrite.
Lithology Igneous

Correlated geologic units

Label Tavc
Description Admiralty Island and Cenotaph Volcanics, volcaniclastic rocks
Geologic age Oligocene to Early-Miocene
Geologic setting Extrusive
Lithology Form Importance
Felsic-volcanic < Volcanic < Igneous Pyroclastic Indeterminate, major
Mafic-volcanic < Volcanic < Igneous Pyroclastic Indeterminate, major
Clastic < Sedimentary Bed Incidental