Volcanic rocks, undivided

Unit symbol: Kvu
Age range Cretaceous (100.5 to 66 Ma)
Lithology: Igneous - Volcanic
Group name: Volcanic rocks, undivided
Volcanic rocks that range in composition from rhyolite to olivine basalt flows, from dacitic to andesitic tuff and tuffaceous sandstone, and rhyolitic domes (Hoare and Coonrad, 1978; Patton and others, 1968, 1975; Box 1985; Box and others, 1993). Includes Tulip volcanic field rhyolite domes and flows; Swift Creek volcanic field lithic air-fall tuff; Kipchuk volcanic field andesite and basalt flows, tuff, tuffaceous sandstone; and rhyolite domes and flows in the Bethel quadrangle (Box and others, 1993). In Shungnak and Kateel River quadrangles, unit varies locally but generally consists of latite, quartz latite, and trachyte flows, crystal-lithic tuff, rhyolitic and rhyodacitic welded tuff and flows(?), and hypabyssal intrusive rocks (Patton and others, 1968). In the Tyonek quadrangle, unit is andesite, dacite, and rhyolite flows and tuff. Includes massive and crystal-rich tuff that contains either hornblende or plagioclase as phenocryst phases, as well as flow-banded rhyolite (Solie and others, 1991; Wilson and others, 2009, 2012). In the Healy quadrangle, small exposures of andesitic and basaltic subvolcanic rocks (Csejtey and others, 1992) have yielded late Cretaceous radiometric ages of 97.3±2.9 Ma and 79.1±6.0 Ma, respectively. In the Tyonek and Nabesna quadrangles, unit consists of dominantly andesitic composition metamorphosed and altered volcanic tuff, breccia, or agglomerate. More mafic compositions are suggested by one outcrop of pillow lavas (small pillows, up to 30 cm in diameter) and lesser metasedimentary volcaniclastic turbidites and rare nonvolcaniclastic turbidites. Rocks are generally light green, indicative of alteration or low-grade metamorphism, but others are light-gray and fresh. Age best constrained at a locality near Hayes River Pass in the Tyonek quadrangle where the youngest detrital zircons in volcaniclastic sedimentary rocks were dated between 151 and 136 Ma, Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous indicating the sedimentary rocks are Hauterivian or younger (D.C. Bradley, written commun., 2008). Magoon and others (1976) included these rocks in their undivided metasedimentary rocks unit of Jurassic and (or) Cretaceous age. Other authors have included these rocks in the informally named Kahiltna assemblage (see, for example, Jones and others, 1981). In many other parts of western Alaska, unit consists of felsic dikes, sills, and hypabyssal rocks. In southeast Alaska, andesitic shallow intrusive rocks are found in the Juneau and Petersburg quadrangles thought to be Cretaceous in age (Brew and others, 1984; Brew and Ford, 1985). Locally subdivided into unit Kmvi

Source map information

Source map Haeussler, P.J., 2007, Unpublished data.
Symbol Kvs
Unit name Metamorphosed intermediate volcanic and sedimentary rocks
Description Volcanic, volcaniclastic, and subordinate sedimentary rocks dominantly of andesitic composition on the east side of the Tordrillo Mountains. Most exposures consist of metamorphosed and altered volcanic tuff, breccia, or agglomerate. More mafic compositions are suggested by one outcrop of pillow lavas (small pillows, up to 30 cm in diameter). Sedimentary rocks consist of uncommon volcaniclastic turbidites and rare non-volcaniclastic turbidites. Some rocks have a light-green color, but others are light gray and unaltered and not metamorphosed. Age best constrained at a locality near Hayes River Pass where the youngest detrital zircons in volcaniclastic sedimentary rocks were dated between 136-151 Ma (Hauterivian or younger) (Richard Friedman, Univ. of British Columbia, written communication to Dwight Bradley and Peter Haeussler, 2006). As these rocks were typical of the sedimentary rocks of the unit, it seems likely they are the same age. Although the age of the remainder of the unit is not constrained, all the dated volcanic rocks (see unit Kv) are Cretaceous or younger, which suggests that these rocks are no older than Cretaceous. Magoon and others (1976) included these rocks in their undivided metasedimentary rocks unit of Jurassic and/or Cretaceous age
Lithology Metamorphic

Correlated geologic units

Label Kivs
Description Intermediate volcanic and sedimentary rocks
Geologic age Cretaceous
Geologic setting Extrusive, intermediate
Lithology Form Importance
Metaandesite < Metavolcanic < Metaigneous < Metamorphic Indeterminate, major