Young shallow intrusive rocks

Unit symbol: QTi
Age range Quaternary or late Tertiary (5.333 to 0 Ma)
Lithology: Igneous - Plutonic
Group name: Young volcanic and shallow intrusive rocks
Hypabyssal plugs, domes, and subordinate flows that range in composition from rhyolite to basalt at Quaternary volcanic centers along the Aleutian magmatic arc and are associated with the volcanoes of the Wrangell Mountains. In the Aleutian Islands, compositions tend to be dacite to basaltic andesite; along the Alaska Peninsula the full range in composition is present; and in the Wrangell Mountains, compositions more typically range from rhyolite to dacite. Included are quartz keratophyre dikes on widely separated parts of Attu Island. Dikes consist of chalky white euhedral feldspar (albite) crystals and glassy quartz in a bluish-gray to light-gray groundmass of fine-grained albite, quartz and minor sericite, calcite, epidote, chlorite, magnetite, and apatite (Gates and others, 1971, p. 748). Unit also includes rhyolite domes at Mount Edgecumbe in the Sitka quadrangle (Riehle and others, 1989). Unit tends to be best exposed at older volcanic centers

Source map information

Source map Miller, T.P., Waythomas, C.F., and Nye, C.J., 2003, Preliminary geologic map of Kanaga Volcano, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-113, 2 sheets, scale 1:20,000.
Symbol Qhld
Unit name Lava domes
Description Two-pyroxene silicic andesite lava domes; highly fractured, massive, slab-like, slightly weathered. Round mafic inclusions up to 10 cm across are common. Exposed at west end of intracaldera lake and on island in the lake. Alteration and fractured character suggests as age older than pyroclastic-flow deposits (Qhpf).
Lithology Igneous

Correlated geologic units

Label Qanp
Description Andesite plug domes
Geologic age Pleistocene to Holocene
Geologic setting Extrusive
Lithology Form Importance
Hypabyssal-andesite < Mafic-hypabyssal < Hypabyssal < Igneous Dome Major
Hypabyssal-basalt < Mafic-hypabyssal < Hypabyssal < Igneous Dome Minor