Granitic rocks

Unit symbol: Toegr
Age range Tertiary, early Oligocene and Eocene (56 to 28.1 Ma)
Lithology: Igneous - Plutonic
Group name: Granitic rocks in southern Alaska
Granitic rocks that range in composition from granite to diorite in two belts in southern Alaska. The generally older belt occurs east and southeast from Cordova and typically has U/Pb, K/Ar, and 40Ar/39Ar ages that rangefrom about 53 to 42 Ma. This belt, composed of rocks that range in composition from biotite- and hornblende-bearing granite to tonalite, is distinguished by the almost ubiquitous presence of tonalite phases associated with the plutons. These older plutons intrude Orca Group and Valdez Group rocks and in southeast Alaska are restricted to within a few tens of kilometers of the Gulf of Alaska coast. There is a weak tendency for these plutons to get younger to the southeast. In the Mount Fairweather and Skagway quadrangles, some of the plutons have migmatitic zones. The second, slightly younger belt, exposed in the western Alaska Range and on Adak Island in the Aleutian Islands, ranges in age from about 50 to 32 Ma. Compositionally, plutons in this younger belt range from biotite-bearing granite to biotite- and hornblende-bearing granodiorite; tonalite phases, conspicuously, are not reported. On Adak, the plutons have K/Ar and 40Ar/39Ar ages between 35 and 32 Ma; in the mainland part of the belt, ages range from 55 to 32 Ma and are older to the northeast. An outlier from these belts is found intruding the Ghost Rocks Formation on Kodiak Island; it consists of altered granitic rocks and a fission-track zircon age was 50 Ma (Clendenen, 1991); other plutons intruding the Ghost Rocks Formation, however, have yielded a number of K/Ar ages from 63 to 62.1 Ma (Moore and others, 1983). The plutons yielding these older ages are usually assigned to the Kodiak batholith (unit Tpgi), but that may be inappropriate because these plutons intrude the younger early Tertiary and latest Cretaceous Ghost Rocks Formation (unit TKm, here), whereas the Kodiak batholith is generally restricted to plutons that intrude the Cretaceous Kodiak Formation (included in unit Kaf, here). Another outlier, which intrudes undated peridotite on Saint George Island in the Pribilof Islands, yielded K/Ar ages of 57 to 49.5 Ma (Barth, 1956; Hopkins and Silberman, 1978)

Source map information

Source map Karl, S.M., Haeussler, P.J., Himmelberg, G.R., Zumsteg, C.L., Layer, P.W., Friedman, R.M., Roeske, S.M.,and Snee, L.W., 2015, Geologic map of Baranof Island: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map SIM-3335, pamphlet 82 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.
Symbol Tet
Unit name Tonalite
Description Light gray, medium-grained hornblende-biotite tonalite and biotite-hornblende tonalite, gradational to subordinate biotite-hornblende granodiorite, quartz monzonite, and quartz diorite. Tonalite is the dominant phase of the plutons in Crawfish Inlet, Redfish Bay, Indigo Lake, and on Kruzof Island. Tonalite in the core of the Crawfish Inlet pluton is relatively homogenous, inclusion-poor, medium-grained, and contains biotite dominant over hornblende with subordinate muscovite.
Lithology Igneous

Correlated geologic units

Label Tet
Description Tonalite
Geologic age Middle-Eocene
Geologic setting Intrusive
Lithology Form Importance
Tonalite < Granitic < Plutonic < Igneous Stock or pipe Major