Granitic rocks of central and southeast Alaska

Unit symbol: Kmgr
Age range Cretaceous, Coniacian to Albian (113 to 86.3 Ma)
Lithology: Igneous - Plutonic
Group name: Granitic rocks of central and southeast Alaska
Primarily granodiorite and lesser quartz diorite, granite, and quartz monzonite that is widely exposed in central and southeastern Alaska. Exposed primarily in four areas: (1) southern southeast Alaska west of the Coast Plutonic Complex; (2) in the Yukon-Tanana Upland of east-central Alaska and northern Alaska Range; (3) on Saint Lawrence Island in western Alaska; and (4) in southwest Alaska in the Bethel and Russian Mission quadrangles. In southeast Alaska, the plutons tend to be more mafic than other areas and consist of granodiorite and quartz diorite and lesser tonalite; most rocks are medium-grained and moderately foliated and lineated parallel to the fabric in country rocks. Some bodies are tabular and oriented parallel to the foliation; epidote is a common accessory mineral, and garnet is less common. Radiometric ages (K/Ar) are commonly discordant and range from 112 Ma to as young as 22.8 Ma, but most age determinations yielded Coniacian (~86 Ma) or older ages. Mid-Cretaceous plutons in the Yukon-Tanana Upland tend to be biotite granite and biotite-hornblende granodiorite with minor diorite phases and are relatively well dated. Some bodies are batholithic in size, like the Goodpaster and Mount Harper batholiths. Analyses, such as those by Wilson and others (1985), have demonstrated that emplacement of these plutons postdate regional metamorphism and reflect relatively slow cooling. Gold mineralization is commonly associated with these plutons, such as at the Fort Knox and Pogo deposits. In the Eagle and Tanacross quadrangles, radiometric dating is sparse and many of the plutons shown as part of this unit are undated. Limited dating in the adjacent northeastern Big Delta quadrangle suggests that at least some of these plutons may be of latest Cretaceous or earliest Tertiary age. A significant part of Saint Lawrence Island is made of these plutons, which consist of fine- to coarse-grained granite and subordinate granodiorite, monzonite, syenite, and alaskite (Patton and others, 2011). In southwest Alaska, this unit includes the Nyac and nearby plutons. Age control on these plutons is somewhat imprecise; K/Ar and 40Ar/39Ar ages vary between 120 and 101 Ma, and the only available U/Pb age was reported as an upper intercept on concordia described as between 129 and 104 Ma (Box and others, 1993). Atypical occurrences of the rocks of this unit are a granodiorite body associated with the Pebble copper deposit in southwest Alaska, dated to 90 Ma, and a coarse-grained biotite granite in the northern Tyonek quadrangle that was dated to 96.9 Ma (Wilson and others, 2009, 2012)

Source map information

Source map Smith, T.E., Robinson, M.S., Weber, F.R., Waythomas, C.W., and Reifenstuhl, R.R., 1994, Geologic map of the Upper Chena River area, eastern interior Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys Professional Report 115, 1 sheet, scale 1:63,360, pamphlet, 19 p.
Symbol Kgd1
Unit name Granodiorite
Description Light- to medium-gray, fine-to coarse-grained, equigranular to porphyritic biotite-hornblende granodiorite, and biotite granite. Estimated mode for the granodiorite: 45 percent plagioclase (An40-45), 30 percent quartz, 20 percent K-feldspar, 2 percent hornblende, 2 percent biotite, and <1 percent zircon and calcite as accessories. Porphyritic phases contain abundant potassium feldspar phenocrysts and are biotite rich. Equigranular phases are fine grained, locally leucocratic, and contain minor amounts of white mica and tourmaline as accessories. Phenocrysts are poikilitic and contain abundant biotite inclusions. This pluton contains zones of abundant quartz veining as well as aplite dikes
Lithology Igneous

Correlated geologic units

Label Kmgd
Description Intermediate granitic rocks, mostly granodiorite ( 85-110 Ma)
Geologic age Albian to Santonian
Geologic setting Intrusive
Lithology Form Importance
Dioritic < Plutonic < Igneous Pluton Indeterminate, major
Granodiorite < Granitic < Plutonic < Igneous Pluton Indeterminate, major