Gabbronorite and other mafic and ultramafic rocks of Hidden terrane

Unit symbol: Jum
Age range Early Jurassic (201.3 to 163.5 Ma)
Lithology: Igneous - Plutonic
Group name: Mafic and ultramafic rocks in southern Alaska
Complexly intermixed series of ultramafic and mafic to intermediate plutonic rocks. “Plutons consist of gabbronorite, hornblende gabbro, diorite, and tonalite. * * * Xenoliths of gabbro show ductile deformation as though they still were warm when intruded by silicic magmas and migmatite textures are common at contacts between lithologies” (Winkler, 1992). Plutons are cut by steeply dipping faults that form the northern part of the Border Ranges Fault System. Fault-bounded cumulate ultramafic and mafic rocks of the Wolverine and Eklutna complexes of Winkler (1992) are also included in unit and have an inferred age of Middle and Early Jurassic based on correlation with Tonsina complex of adjacent Valdez quadrangle and intrusion by Middle and Early Jurassic dikes (Winkler, 1992). These rocks have typically been considered part of the root of the Talkeetna arc (Burns, 1985), which includes rocks of three units: Jtk, the Talkeetna Formation; Jtr, trondhjemite; and Jgr, the Jurassic phase of the Alaska-Aleutian Range batholith. An alternative explanation associates these rocks with the slightly older magmatic arc of the Hidden terrane. Unit also includes rocks of the Uyak Complex, in the Kodiak Island archipelago, which consist of gabbroic and ultramafic rocks including layered gabbro, clinopyroxenite, dunite, and plagioclase peridotite. The mafic and ultramafic rocks of the Uyak Complex occur as kilometer-sized fault-bounded slabs in the westernmost exposures of the Uyak Complex (Connelly, 1978) within the Border Ranges Fault Zone. The margins of these slabs have pronounced serpentinization

Source map information

Source map Connelly, William, and Moore, J.C., 1979, Geologic map of the northwest side of the Kodiak and adjacent islands, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1057, 2 sheets, scale 1:250,000.
Symbol Kuu
Unit name Uyak Complex - gabbroic and ultramafic rocks
Description Lithologically chaotic assemblage of deep-sea rock types. Gabbroic and ultramafic rock, including layered gabbro, clinopyroxenite, dunite, and plagioclase peridotite.
Lithology Tectonite

Correlated geologic units

Label Kmku
Description Uyak and McHugh Complexes, gabbro and ultramafic rocks
Geologic age Mesozoic to Early-Cretaceous
Geologic setting Melange
Lithology Form Importance
Ultramafic < Plutonic < Igneous Melange Indeterminate, major
Melange < Tectonite Melange, blocks Indeterminate, major