Gneiss, schist, and quartzite

Unit symbol: PzPxygs
Age range Mississippian, Devonian, and older (635 to 358.9 Ma)
Lithology: Metamorphic
Group name: Gneiss, schist, and amphibolite (Yukon-Tanana crystalline complex)
Coarse- to fine-grained gneiss and quartzite; well-foliated and banded to massive; locally cataclastic; ranges from pelitic schist that contains abundant sillimanite to gneisses of probable igneous origin. All rocks are well foliated, and dominant foliation is folded. Protolith may include both Paleozoic and Precambrian sedimentary and igneous rocks (Weber and others, 1978). Unit is widespread throughout out the Yukon-Tanana Upland and the included meta-plutonic rocks may be equivalent to the Pelly Gneiss in Yukon, Canada. Also includes gray, medium-grained, mylonitic, quartzofeldspathic biotite-sillimanite gneiss that forms core of a gneiss dome in the central Big Delta quadrangle (Dusel-Bacon and Foster, 1983). Several U/Pb zircon ages have been determined on this unit, and Mississippian to Devonian crystallization ages are common for the metaigneous rocks within this unit and within unit |ymi (Aleinikoff and Nokleberg, 1985; Aleinikoff and others, 1986). Day and others (2003), Dusel-Bacon and Williams (2009), Aleinikoff and Nokleberg (1985) all indicate that inheritance of zircon grains is common. Detrital zircon analyses by Aleinikoff and others (1984, 1986) and Dusel-Bacon and Williams (2009) from quartzite in the unit yielded Proterozoic and Archean zircons

Source map information

Source map Day, W.C., O’Neill, J.M., Dusel-Bacon, Cynthia, Aleinikoff, J.N., Siron, C.R., 2014, Geologic map of the Kechumstuk fault zone in the Mount Veta area, Fortymile mining district, east-central Alaska (ver. 1.1, March 12, 2014): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3291, scale 1:63,360, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sim3291.
Symbol Pzms
Unit name Metasediments, undivided
Description Predominantly metapelite and argillite with lesser amounts of quartzite, graywacke, greenstone and sand-rich marble horizons intermixed with volcaniclastic metasedimentary rocks. Interlayered with white to light-gray marble (Pzm). Differs from map unit Pzq exposed to the west of the Kechumstuk fault in that unit contains less quartzite. Metamorphic grade is uppermost greenschist. Protolith was sequence of mudstone, shale, and graywacke with interlayers of sandstone and volcaniclastic sediments. Regional relations suggest unit was deposited on the continental margin of North America during the early Paleozoic (Dusel-Bacon and others, 2006)
Lithology Metamorphic

Correlated geologic units

Label PzZypg
Description Gneiss, schist, and quartzite of the Yukon-Tanana crystalline complex; Pelly Gneiss in Yukon in part
Geologic age Ediacarian to Devonian
Geologic setting Metamorphic, undivided
Lithology Form Importance
Biotite-gneiss < Gneiss < Metamorphic Major
Quartzite < Metaclastic < Metasedimentary < Metamorphic Minor
Quartz-feldspar-schist < Schist < Metamorphic Minor
Marble < Metacarbonate < Metasedimentary < Metamorphic Incidental