Keevy Peak Formation and similar rocks

Unit symbol: Pzkp
Age range early Paleozoic (541 to 358.9 Ma)
Lithology: Metamorphic
Group name: Klondike Schist, Keevy Peak Formation, and similar rocks (Yukon-Tanana crystalline complex)
Multiply deformed siliceous and carbonaceous assemblage of phyllite, meta-argillite, quartzite, metachert(?), and lesser amounts of interlayered calcareous phyllite, marble, and mafic and felsic metavolcanic rocks at lower to upper greenschist facies (Foster, 1992; Dusel-Bacon and others, 1993). Includes rocks in the northern Big Delta and southern Circle quadrangles that are referred to as the Blackshell quartzite and phyllite and the Blackshell calcschist and marble (Smith and others, 1994). Contains minor stretched pebble conglomerate in the Healy and Mount McKinley quadrangles. In the Big Delta quadrangle, U/Pb zircon ages from felsic metatuff interlayers yielded dates of 372±5 and 353±7 Ma, indicating Early Mississippian and Late Devonian extrusion ages and, therefore, the depositional age for at least part of the sequence (Dusel-Bacon and others 2004); Pb-isotope data from syngenetic galena in a carbonaceous, phyllite-hosted, stratiform zinc-lead deposit also indicate a Mississippian or Devonian age for mineralization (Dusel-Bacon and others, 1998, 2004; Mortensen and others, 2006). Late and Middle Devonian fossils have been reported in rocks of this unit in the Mount McKinley quadrangle (Gilbert and Redman, 1977). Regionally, unit appears to occupy a stratigraphic position between the Totatlanika Schist and unit |<yqs of this map. As mapped, it includes the Keevy Peak Formation as originally defined by Wahrhaftig (1968) in the Healy and Mount McKinley quadrangles; new age data support extension of the unit to the Big Delta, Circle, and Fairbanks quadrangles (Dusel-Bacon and others, 2004) and correlation with the Nasina assemblage in Yukon, as proposed by Weber and others (1978). Dusel-Bacon and others (2006) wrote that the Blackshell unit of Smith and others (1994) was previously correlated with the Nasina assemblage in Canada (Foster and others, 1994; Smith and others, 1994), but Dusel-Bacon and others (1996) proposed that the use of the Nasina assemblage name in Alaska be restricted “to the rocks in the eastern Yukon-Tanana Upland that contain Permian and Mississippian felsic rocks and appear to grade into the Fortymile River assemblage.” The Permian U/Pb zircon dates reported by Dusel-Bacon and others (2006) are unusual for this map unit and are coeval with ages determined for the Klondike Schist (unit Pks here) and, as mentioned in the Klondike Schist map unit description, Dusel-Bacon and others (2006) also reported Mississippian and Devonian zircon ages. Other rocks included in this map unit are units Pzq and Pzm of Weber and others (1978) in the Big Delta quadrangle, units Pzq and Pzm of Foster and others (1983) in the Circle quadrangle, units Pzgs Pzcp, and Pzq of Foster (1992) in the Eagle and Tanacross quadrangles, units MDq, MDkq, and MDda of Szumigala and others (2002) in the Eagle quadrangle, units uPzst, and uPzv of Werdon and others (2001) also in the Eagle quadrangle, unit Pzk of Csejtey and others (1992) in the Healy quadrangle (which Bela Csejtey, Jr. [written commun., 1993] has indicated also occurs in the Mount McKinley quadrangle and we include here), and the Birch Hill sequence (units Dbs and Dbcs of Newberry and others, 1996) in the Fairbanks mining district of the southeastern Livengood and northeastern Fairbanks quadrangles, as well as units Pzbc, Pzbp, and Pzbr of Smith and others (1994). Unit is typically exposed in close proximity to the Totatlanika Schist (MDts)

Source map information

Source map Smith, T.E., Robinson, M.S., Weber, F.R., Waythomas, C.W., and Reifenstuhl, R.R., 1994, Geologic map of the Upper Chena River area, eastern interior Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys Professional Report 115, 1 sheet, scale 1:63,360, pamphlet, 19 p.
Symbol Pzbp
Unit name Blackshell quartzite and phyllite
Description A 4,000- foot-thick sequence of black carbonaceous phyllite and fine-grained, dark, laminated quartzite with minor interbeds of calcschist and marble (Pzbc), rhyolite (Pzbr), and pebble to granule conglomerate. Unit is gradational with increase of carbonate to the Dan Creek calcphyllite below, and in this map area, is in thrust-fault contact with various lithologies of Totatlanika Schist above. Consists dominantly of dark-gray to black quartzite (metachert), phyllitic quartzite, thinly laminated graphite-white mica, quartz phyllite, and black slate. Carbonaceous material typically 10-20 percent of the rock. Calcite and quartz segregations in boudins are common; limonite or pyrite is present along bedding lamination and disseminated throughout rock. Quartz veins and veinlets are abundant throughout the unit. Gray, white, or bluish-gray oxide coatings are visible on weathered surfaces. Refolding of small isoclinal folds has resulted in crenulated and warped axial planes of earlier folds. Sediments from streams draining Pzbp unit commonly enriched in zinc to several thousand parts per million. Considered correlative with upper part of the Keevy Peak Formation in the Alaska Range, from which Middle and Upper Devonian megafossils have been collected (Gilbert and Bundtzen, 1979)
Lithology Metamorphic

Correlated geologic units

Label Pzk
Description Keevy Peak Formation, schist, quartzite, and phyllite, early Paleozoic
Geologic age Paleozoic to Early-Mississippian
Geologic setting Metamorphic, undivided
Lithology Form Importance
Muscovite-schist < Mica-schist < Schist < Metamorphic Major
Phyllite < Metaclastic < Metasedimentary < Metamorphic Indeterminate, major
Quartzite < Metaclastic < Metasedimentary < Metamorphic Indeterminate, major