Pelitic and quartzitic schist of the Ruby terrane

Unit symbol: PzPxrqm
Age range early Paleozoic to Proterozoic? (1000 to 419.2 Ma)
Lithology: Metamorphic
Group name: Pelitic and quartzitic schist of the Ruby terrane
Poorly exposed unit of mainly muscovite- and quartz-rich schist, and subordinate calc-schist, quartzofeldspathic schist, biotite granite, and granite gneiss that includes augen gneiss. Also includes amphibolite and quartzite metamorphosed to upper amphibolite to lower granulite facies; unit also includes minor marble and calc-silicate rocks. In the north-central Tanana quadrangle, unit has a polymetamorphic history including metamorphism to greenschist, local blueschist, and amphibolite facies. The apparent grade of metamorphism varies depending on depth of exposure and proximity to zones of ductile deformation and (or) buried plutons or other thermal hot spots (Miyaoka and Dover, 1990; Dover, 1994). Evidence for blueschist-facies metamorphism has been largely obliterated by a greenschist to granulite facies overprint in the Kokrines Hills in the Ruby quadrangle (Roeske and others, 1995). South of the Kaltag Fault, these rocks are even more poorly exposed and little studied. Unit locally is interlayered with carbonate rocks of unit |ls and therefore is, at least in part, Paleozoic in age; however, some of the unit is inferred to be as old as Proterozoic (Patton and others, 2009). Unit also appears to be intruded by orthogneiss of unit MDag. Regional metamorphism predates the widespread intrusion of the Early Cretaceous granitic bodies of unit Kmqm. Metamorphic minerals yielded K/Ar isotopic cooling ages between 144.5±1.3 Ma (white mica) and 108±3 Ma (biotite); the oldest ages were determined on glaucophane-bearing schist (Dillon and others, 1985; Miller and Bundtzen, 1994; Roeske and others, 1995). U/Pb zircon ages from gneiss range between 147.8 and 117.5 Ma (Dillon and others, 1985; Roeske and others, 1995)

Source map information

Source map Patton, W.W., Jr., Miller, T.P., Chapman, R.M., and Yeend, Warren, 1978, Geologic map of the Melozitna quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-1071, 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.
Symbol PzpCs
Unit name Pelitic schist
Description Quartz-chlorite-muscovite schist and micaceous quartzite. Greenschist facies metamorphism. Subordinate micaceous quartzite and glaucophane-chlorite-muscovite schist. Unit includes many small bodies of marble, greenstone and greenschist (believed to be altered mafic rocks).
Lithology Metamorphic

Correlated geologic units

Label PzZrqs
Description Pelitic and quartzitic schist of the Ruby terrane
Geologic age Proterozoic to Devonian
Geologic setting Sedimentary, shallow-marine-siliciclastic
Lithology Form Importance
Quartzite < Metaclastic < Metasedimentary < Metamorphic Greenschist Major
Mica-schist < Schist < Metamorphic Greenschist Major
Greenstone < Metaigneous < Metamorphic Greenschist Incidental
Marble < Metacarbonate < Metasedimentary < Metamorphic Greenschist Incidental