Valea Morii

Porphyry copper (Cu-Au) deposit in Hunedoara, Romania

Names and other identifiers

Tract name Apuseni Mountains (150pCu6003)
Group name Rovina Valley Group
Included sites Group includes Colnic, Rovina, Valea Morii deposits and Ciresata and Valea Arsului prospects.
Site status deposit

Geographic location

Country Romania
State or province Hunedoara
Geographic location 22.864049, 46.083671
Geologic map unit 22.864049, 46.083671
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Deposit subtype Cu-Au
Age (Ma) 11.41Ma
Age determination method Ar-Ar
Age range 11.41–11.3 Ma
Age reference Singer and others (2008)
Minerals anatase, anhydrite, apatite, barite, chalcopyrite, chlorite, epidote, fluorite, galena, gold, kaolinite, magnetite, pyrite, sericite, sphalerite, tetrahedrite
Associated rocks andesite porphyry, clastic rocks, andesite, dacitic tuff, rhyodacite
Tectonic setting postconvergence
Stratigraphic age Miocene

Commodity and development information

Development status Past Producer
Major commodities Cu, Au
Minor commodities Ag, Bi, Mo, Te
Tonnage (Mt) 100Mt
Cu grade (%) 0.25%
Au grade (g/t) 0.31g/t
Contained copper 250,000t
Gold-Moly ratio -9999

Reference information

Comments Reserves are 27 Mt at 1 g/t Au and 0.26 percent Cu. The deposit is hosted in quartz andesite that penetrates volcanic rocks in a subvolcanic setting. Lips (2006) characterizes Valea Morii as an old mine on an abandoned deposit. Metaliferi Mountains.This porphyry Cu-Au-(Mo) deposit is genetically related to porphyry andesite-microdiorite calc-alkaline subvolcanic bodies.
Study area name Europe
References Berbeleac, Iliescu and others (1995); Berbeleac, Popa and others (1995); Drew and Berger (2001); Ianovici and others (1977); Kouzmanov and others (2003); Kouzmanov and others (2007); Marcoux and others (2002); Lips (2006); Singer and others (2008)
Site reference Sutphin and others (2013)
Berbeleac, Ion; Iliescu, Dan; Andrei, Justin; Ciuculescu, Ovidiu; and Ciuculescu, Rodica, 1995, Relationships between alterations, porphyry copper-gold and base metal-gold hydrothermal vein mineralizations in Tertiary intrusions, Talagiu area, Zarand Mountains: Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, v. 76, p. 31–39.
Berbeleac, Ion, Popa, T., Marian, I., Iliescu, D., and Costea, C., 1995b, Neogene porphyry copper-gold and gold-bearing epithermal deposits in South Apuseni Mountains, Romania, in Congress of the Carpatho-Balkan Geological Association, 15th, Athens, Greece, September 17–20, 1995, Proceedings: Athens, Geological Society of Greece Special Publication 4, p. 665–670.
Drew, L. J., and Berger, B.R., 2001, Model of the porphyry copper/polymetallic vein kin-deposit system—Application in the Metaliferi Mountains, Romania, in Piestrzy?ski, Adam, and others, eds., Mineral deposits at the beginning of the 21st century: Lisse, The Netherlands, A.A. Balkema Publishers, Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits (SGA) Biennial Meeting, 6th, Krakow, Poland, August 26–29, 2001 [Proceedings], p. 519–522.
Ianovici, V., Vlad, ?., Borco?, M., and Bo?tinescu, S., 1977, Alpine porphyry copper mineralization of West Romania: Mineralium Deposita, v. 12, p. 307–317. (Also available at
Kouzmanov, K., Pettke, T., Heinrich, C.A, Riemer, S., Ivascanu, P.M., and Ro?u, E., 2003, The porphyry to epithermal transition in a magmatic-hydrothermal system—Valea Morii copper-gold deposit, Apuseni Mts., Romania, in Eliopoulos, D.G., and others, eds., Mineral exploration and sustainable development: Rotterdam, Millpress, Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits (SGA) Biennial Meeting, 7th, Athens, Greece, August 24–28, 2003 [Proceedings], v. 1, p. 303–306.
Kouzmanov, K., von Quadt, A., Peytcheva, I., Harris, C.R., and Heinrich, C.A., 2007, Miocene magmatism and ore formation in the South Apuseni Mountains, Romania— New genetic and timing constraints, in Andrew, C.J., and Borg, G., eds., Mineral exploration and research—Digging deeper: Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits (SGA) Biennial Meeting, 9th, Dublin, Ireland, August 20–23, 2007 [Proceedings], v. 2, p. 865–868. (Abstract also available at, A.L.W., Bouchot, V., Deschamps, Y., Leistel, J-M., Picot, J-C., and other BRGM colleagues, 2006, A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits of Europe—Finalized initial database on primary and secondary resources for biotechnological metal extraction: BRGM, BioMinE Integrated Project (FP6 IP 500239), Deliverable DI.3 - Final Report, BRGM/RP-54957-FR, 124 p. (Abstract also available at, Eric; Grancea, Luminita; Lupulescu, Marian; and Milési, J.P., 2002, Lead isotope signatures of epithermal and porphyry-type ore deposits from Romanian Carpathian mountains: Mineralium Deposita, v. 37, no. 2, p. 173–184. (Also available at, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at