Porphyry copper (Cu-Au) deposit in Hunedoara, Romania

Names and other identifiers

Tract name Apuseni Mountains (150pCu6003)
Site status deposit

Geographic location

Country Romania
State or province Hunedoara
Geographic location 22.8, 46.15
Geologic map unit 22.8, 46.15
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Deposit subtype Cu-Au
Age determination method Geologic inference
Age range Neogene
Age reference Singer and others (2008)
Minerals altaite, bornite, chalcopyrite, chlorite, empressite, frohbergite, nagyagite, pyrite, rucklidgeite [(Bi,Pb)3Te4], rutile, sericite, sphalerite, stützite, sylvanite, tellurantimony [Sb2Te3], tellurium, tellurobismuthite
Associated rocks andesite porphyry, andesite, dacite tuff, rhyodacite, sandstone
Tectonic setting postconvergence
Stratigraphic age Neogene

Commodity and development information

Development status Prospect
Major commodities Cu, Au
Tonnage (Mt) 12Mt
Cu grade (%) 0.2%
Au grade (g/t) 0.3g/t
Contained copper 24,000t
Gold-Moly ratio -9999

Reference information

Comments The deposit is hosted in quartz andesite that penetrates volcanic rocks in a subvolcanic setting.
Study area name Europe
References Berbeleac, Iliescu and others (1995); Berbeleac, Popa and others (1995); Ciobanu and others (2007); Ianovici and others (1977); Vlad (2007); Singer and others (2008)
Site reference Sutphin and others (2013)
Berbeleac, Ion; Iliescu, Dan; Andrei, Justin; Ciuculescu, Ovidiu; and Ciuculescu, Rodica, 1995, Relationships between alterations, porphyry copper-gold and base metal-gold hydrothermal vein mineralizations in Tertiary intrusions, Talagiu area, Zarand Mountains: Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, v. 76, p. 31–39.
Berbeleac, Ion, Popa, T., Marian, I., Iliescu, D., and Costea, C., 1995b, Neogene porphyry copper-gold and gold-bearing epithermal deposits in South Apuseni Mountains, Romania, in Congress of the Carpatho-Balkan Geological Association, 15th, Athens, Greece, September 17–20, 1995, Proceedings: Athens, Geological Society of Greece Special Publication 4, p. 665–670.
Ciobanu, C.L., Cook, N.J., Mavrogenes, J., Damian, G., and Damian, F., 2007, (Au)-Pb-Te melts—Annealing-quenching experiments on samples from the Misariu deposit, Brad district, Romania, in Kojonen, K.K., Cook, N.J., and Ojala, V.J., eds., Au-Ag telluride-selenide deposits: Geological Survey of Finland, Field Workshop of IGCP-486, Guide 53, p. 5–13.
Ianovici, V., Vlad, ?., Borco?, M., and Bo?tinescu, S., 1977, Alpine porphyry copper mineralization of West Romania: Mineralium Deposita, v. 12, p. 307–317. (Also available at, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at, S., 2007, ‘Blind’ porphyry CuAu (Mo) mineralization of Romania and its variable peripheral expressions as veins and skarns, in Andrew, C.J., and Borg, G., eds., Mineral exploration and research—Digging deeper: Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits (SGA) Biennial Meeting, 9th, Dublin, Ireland, August 20–23, 2007 [Proceedings], v. 1, p. 197–200. (Abstract also available at