Porphyry copper prospect in Xinjiang, China

Names and other identifiers

Alternate names Sanchalu
Tract name Kazakh-Tarim (142pCu8505)
Included sites Sanchakou, Sanchakou East
Site status prospect

Geographic location

Country China
State or province Xinjiang
Geographic location 94.7555, 42.3583
Geologic map unit 94.7555, 42.3583
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Age (Ma) 278Ma
Age determination method U-Pb zircon SHRIMP
Age range 278 ±4 Ma
Age reference Li, Chen and others (2004)
Minerals chalcocite, chalcopyrite, molybdenite, pyrite
Associated rocks quartz diorite, granodiorite, granodiorite porphyry, plagiogranite porphyry, diorite, tonalite
Tectonic setting island arc
Stratigraphic age Early Permian

Commodity and development information

Development status Prospect
Major commodities Cu, Mo
Gold-Moly ratio -9999

Reference information

Comments Medium-size deposit, with grades of 0.38–0.83% Cu. Potassic, phyllic, and proplylitic alteration; fluid inclusions mostly low-salinity and less than 300 deg C. Lenticular ore body 200–700 m long, extends to 167 m depth.
Study area name Central Asian Orogenic Belt
References Qin and others (2002); Qin and others (2009); Sun and others (2009); Li, Chen and others (2004); Zhang and others (2004); Lui and others (2005); Singer and others (2008)
Site reference Mihalasky, Ludington, Hammarstrom, and others (2015)
Li Huaqin, Chen Fuwen, Lu Yuanfa, Yang Hongmei, Guo Jing, and Mei Yuping, 2004, Zircon SHRIMP U-Pb age and strontium isotopes of mineralized granitoids in the Sanchakou copper polymetallic deposit, East Tianshan Mountains: Acta Geoscientica Sinica, v. 25, no. 2, p. 191–195. [In Chinese, English abstract.] (Abstract also available at
Lui Dequan, Tang Yanling, and Zhou Ruhong, 2005, Copper deposits and nickel deposits in Xinjiang, China: Geological Publishing House, 360 p. [In Chinese.]
Qin, Kezhang; Sun, Shu; Li, Jiliang; Fang, Tonghui; Wang, Shulai; and Liu, Wei, 2002, Paleozoic epithermal Au and porphyry Cu deposits in north Xinjiang, China—Epochs, features, tectonic linkage and exploration significance: Resource Geology, v. 52, no. 4, p. 291–300. (Also available at KeZhang, Zhang LianChang, Ding KuiShou, Xu YingXia, Jang DongMei, Xu XingWang, Ma TianLin, and Li GuangMing, 2009, Mineralization type, petrogenesis of ore-bearing intrusions and mineralogical characteristics of Sanchakou copper deposits in eastern Tianshan: Acta Petrologica Sinica, v. 25, no. 4, p. 845–861. [In Chinese, English abstract.] (Abstract also available at, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at Yan, Xiao Yuan-fu, Li Feng-chun, Xiong Fa-hui, and Wang Zhu-bin, 2009, The mineralizing fluid characteristics and genesis of the Sanchakou copper deposit in Xinjiang: Geology and Exploration, v. 45, no. 3, p. 235–239. [In Chinese, English abstract.] (Abstract also available at LianChang, Qin KeZhang, Ying JiFeng, Xia Bin, and Shu JianSheng, 2004, The relationship between ore-forming processes and adakitic rock in Tuwu-Yandong porphyry copper metallogenic belt, eastern Tianshan mountains: Acta Petrologica Sinica, v. 20, no. 2, p. 259–268. [In Chinese, English abstract.] (Abstract also available at