Porphyry copper deposit in Xinjiang, China

Names and other identifiers

Tract name Kazakh-Tarim (142pCu8505)
Included sites Hudele, WDH01, WDH02, WKGSY, WDH05
Site status deposit

Geographic location

Country China
State or province Xinjiang
Geographic location 84.4781, 45.5011
Geologic map unit 84.4781, 45.5011
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Age (Ma) 311Ma
Age determination method U-Pb zircon SHRIMP
Age range 311.4 ±3.3 Ma (U-Pb zircon SHRIMP); 310 Ma (Re-Os molybdenite); 296.0 ±3.7 Ma and 297.3 ±3.8 Ma (K-Ar biotite)
Age reference Liu, Guo and others (2009)
Minerals chalcopyrite, molybdenite, pyrite
Associated rocks diorite porphyry, quartz diorite, granodiorite porphyry
Tectonic setting island arc
Stratigraphic age Late Carboniferous–Early Permian

Commodity and development information

Development status Prospect
Major commodities Cu, Mo, Au, Ag
Tonnage (Mt) 225Mt
Cu grade (%) 0.28%
Mo grade (%) 0.011%
Au grade (g/t) 0.1g/t
Ag grade (g/t) 1.8g/t
Contained copper 630,000t
Gold-Moly ratio 9

Reference information

Comments Grade and tonnage data from Tang, Wang, Wyman and others (2010). Discovered in 1985-90; drilled out in 2002-2008 with 62 drill holes. Hydrothermal alteration (potassic, phyllic, propylitic) is associated with both the main phase diorites and late diorite porphyry.
Study area name Central Asian Orogenic Belt
References Liu, Guo and others (2009); Shen and others (2009); Shen, Shen, Pan and others (2010); Zhang, Li and others (2010); Song and others (2007); Tang, Wang, Wyman and others (2010); Pirajno and others (2011)
Site reference Mihalasky, Ludington, Hammarstrom, and others (2015)
Liu YuLin, Guo LiShuang, Liu YuDe, Song, HuiXia, Song Biao, Zhang Rui, Xu FaJun, and Zhang YunXiao, 2009, Geochronology of Baogutu porphyry copper deposit in western Junggar area, Xinjiang of China: Science in China Series D—Earth Sciences, v. 52, p. 1543–1549. (Also available at, Franco; Seltmann, Reimar; and Yang, Yongqiang, 2011, A review of mineral systems and associated tectonic settings of northern Xinjiang, NW China: Geoscience Frontiers, v. 2, p. 157–185. (Also available at, Ping; Shen, Yuanchao; Liu, Tiebing; Meng, Lei; Dai, Huawu; and Yang, Yueheng, 2009, Geochemical signature of porphyries in the Baogutu porphyry copper belt, western Junggar, NW China: Gondwana Research, v. 16, p. 227–242. (Also available at, Ping; Shen, Yuanchao; Pan, Hongdi; Wang, Jingbin; Zhang, Rui; and Zhang, Yunxiao, 2010, Baogutu porphyry Cu-Mo-Au deposit, west Junggar, northwest China—Petrology, alteration, and mineralization: Economic Geology, v. 105, p. 947–970. (Also available at HuiXia, Liu YuLin, Qu WenJun, Song Biao, Zhang Rui, and Cheng Yong, 2007, Geological characters of Baogutu porphyry copper deposit in Xinjiang, NW China: Acta Petrologica Sinica, v. 23, no. 8, p. 1891–1988. [In Chinese, English abstract.] (Abstract also available at, Gong-Jian; Wang, Qiang; Wyman, D.A.; Sun, Min; Li, Zheng-Xiang; Zhao, Zhen-Hua; Sun, Wei-Dong; Jia, Xiao-Hui; and Jiang, Zi-Qi, 2010, Geochronology and geochemistry of Late Paleozoic magmatic rocks in the Lamasu-Dabate area, northwestern Tianshan (west China)—Evidence for a tectonic transition from arc to post-collisional setting: Lithos, v. 119, p. 393–411. (Also available at, C.L., Li, Z.X., Li, X.H., Xu, Y.G., Zhou, G., and Ye, H.M., 2010, A Permian large igneous province in Tarim and Central Asian orogenic belt, NW China—Results of a ca. 275 Ma mantle plume?: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 122, p. 2020–2040. (Also available at