Porphyry copper prospect in Azarbayjan-e-Sharqi, Iran

Names and other identifiers

Alternate names Enjerd, Anderd, Enjert, Anjert
Tract name Azerbaijan—Caucasus-Iran (142pCu9014c)
Site status prospect

Geographic location

Country Iran
State or province Azarbayjan-e-Sharqi
Geographic location 46.9333, 38.6833
Geologic map unit 46.9333, 38.6833
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Age (Ma) 30.8Ma
Age determination method U-Pb zircon
Age range 30.8 ±2.1 Ma
Age reference Aghazadeh and others (2011)
Associated rocks volcano-sedimentary rocks, granodiorite, monzonite, quartz monzonite, monzodiorite
Tectonic setting postconvergence
Stratigraphic age early Oligocene

Commodity and development information

Development status Producer
Major commodities Cu, Mo
Minor commodities Fe, Au
Trace commodities Ag, Re, Se, Te, Bi
Gold-Moly ratio -9999

Reference information

Comments Cu-Mo porphyry-related Cu-(Fe-Au) skarn prospect; resource (not thoroughly characterized): 0.4 Mt at 1.5% Cu (6,000 t of contained Cu); underground operation; active(?).
Study area name Tethys
References Bazin and Hübner (1969a); Hezarkhani (2006c); Iran Geological Survey (2012e); Jamali and others (2010); Mollai and others (2009); Samani (1998); Somarin and Moayyed (2002); Somarin and others (2005); U.S. Geological Survey (2012); Aghazadeh and others (2011)
Site reference Zürcher and others (in press)
Aghazadeh, Mehraj; Castro, Antonio; Badrzadeh, Zahra; and Vogt, Katharina, 2011, Post-collisional polycyclic plutonism from the Zagros hinterland—The Shaivar Dagh plutonic complex, Alborz belt, Iran: Geological Magazine, v. 148, p. 980–1008. (Also available at
Bazin, D., and Hübner H., 1969a, Copper deposits in Iran: Iran Geological Survey Report 13, 232 p.
Hezarkhani, Ardeshir, 2006c, Geochemistry of the Enjerd skarn and its association with copper mineralization, northwestern Iran: International Geology Review, v. 48, p. 892–909. (Also available at Geological Survey, 2012e, Minerals information of Iran: Iran Geological and Mineral Exploration Survey Web page accessed June 25, 2012, at, Hemayat; Dilek, Yildirim; Daliran, Farahnaz; Yaghubpur, Abdolmajid; and Mehrabi, Behzad, 2010, Metallogeny and tectonic evolution of the Cenozoic Ahar-Arasbaran volcanic belt, northern Iran: International Geology Review, v. 52, p. 608–630. (Also available at, Habib; Sharma, Rajesh; and Pe-Piper, Georgia, 2009, Copper mineralization around the Ahar batholith, north of Ahar (NW Iran)—Evidence for fluid evolution and the origin of the skarn ore deposit: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 35, p. 401–414. (Also available at
Samani, Bahram, 1998, Distribution, setting and metallogenesis of copper deposits in Iran, in Porter, T.M., ed., Porphyry and hydrothermal copper and gold deposits—A global perspective, Australian Mineral Foundation Conference, Perth, November 30–December 1, 1998, Proceedings: Adelaide, PGC Publishing, p. 151–174.
Somarin, A.K., and Moayyed, M., 2002, Granite- and gabbrodiorite-associated skarn deposits of NW Iran: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 20, p. 127–138. (Also available at
Somarin, A.K., Liaghat, S., Hosseini, A., and Zarasvandi, M., 2005, World skarn deposits—Skarns of Iran, in Meinert, L.D., Dipple, G.M., and Nicolescu, Stefan, World skarn deposits, in Hedenquist, J.W., Thompson, J.F.H., Goldfarb, R.J., and Richards,J.P., eds., Economic Geology One Hundredth Anniversary Volume, 1905–2005: Society of Economic Geologists, CD-ROM, 2 p. and data (table 10.1) in appendix.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2012, Mineral resource data system (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey database, accessed October 19, 2012, at