Porphyry copper deposit in Kotayk, Armenia

Names and other identifiers

Alternate names Pambak, Hankavan, Anravan
Tract name Azerbaijan—Caucasus-Iran (142pCu9014c)
Site status deposit

Geographic location

Country Armenia
State or province Kotayk
Geographic location 44.4841, 40.6307
Geologic map unit 44.4841, 40.6307
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Age (Ma) 33Ma
Age determination method unknown
Age range 33 Ma
Age reference Singer and others (2008)
Minerals actinolite, azurite/malachite, bornite, carbonate, chalcocite, chalcopyrite, covellite, cuprite, epidote, galena, garnet, goethite, gypsum, hematite, kaolinite, magnetite, marcasite, molybdenite, pyrite, scheelite, sphalerite, Te-minerals, tennantite, tenorite
Associated rocks aplite, granodiorite porphyry, granosyenite porphyry, lamprophyre, pegmatite, skarn, granite, limestone, marble, quartz diorite, schist, skarn, gabbro-plagiogranite intrusions
Tectonic setting postconvergence
Stratigraphic age early Oligocene

Commodity and development information

Development status Past Producer
Major commodities Cu, Mo
Minor commodities Au
Trace commodities U, Co
Tonnage (Mt) 115Mt
Cu grade (%) 0.57%
Mo grade (%) 0.054%
Au grade (g/t) 1.42g/t
Contained copper 660,000t
Gold-Moly ratio 26

Reference information

Comments Cu-Mo-Au porphyry-skarn deposit; calc-alkaline to alkaline; past producer; open pit/underground.
Study area name Tethys
References InfoMine Inc. (2013c); Kekelia and Kekelia (2001); Kirkham and Dunne (2000); Mining Journal (2005); Rundkvist (2001); Singer and others (2008); U.S. Geological Survey (2012)
Site reference Zürcher and others (in press)
InfoMine Inc., 2013c, Mining company and property/mine database: InfoMine, Inc. database, accessed March 11, 2013, at
Kekelia, Sergo, and Kekelia, Maren, 2001, Metallogenic map of the Caucasus, Arcview 3.2 format, in Moon, C., ed., Elaboration and quantification of metallogenic evolution of Alpine fold system—The Pontides-Lesser Caucasus sector of the Tethyan Eurasian metallogienic belt: International Association for the Promotion of Cooperation with Scientists of the Former Soviet Union (INTAS) Project 97-1416, CD-ROM.
Kirkham, R.V., and Dunne, K.P.E., comps., 2000, World distribution of porphyry, porphyry-associated skarn, and bulk-tonnage epithermal deposits and occurrences: Canada Geological Survey Open File 3792a, 26 p. and 1 diskette. (Also available at Journal, 2005, Armenia - 2005: Mining Journal Web page accessed June 6, 2012, at (Also available at
Rundkvist, D.V., ed., 2001 [2002], Mineragenic map of Russian Federation and adjacent states (with the boundaries of former USSR): Russian Federation Ministry of Natural Resources, State Research and Development Enterprise (Aerogeologica), 49 p., Excel workbook, and 1 map on 18 sheets, scale 1:2,500,000, CD-ROM.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at Geological Survey, 2012, Mineral resource data system (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey database, accessed October 19, 2012, at