Porphyry copper deposit in Syunik', Armenia

Names and other identifiers

Alternate names Kajaran, Kadzharan, Dzhindara, Kadzharsk
Tract name Azerbaijan—Caucasus-Iran (142pCu9014c)
Site status deposit

Geographic location

Country Armenia
State or province Syunik'
Geographic location 46.1369, 39.1403
Geologic map unit 46.1369, 39.1403
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Age (Ma) 27Ma
Age determination method Re-Os molybdenite
Age range 27 Ma
Age reference Moritz and others (2012)
Minerals actinolite, albite, anhydrite/gypsum, ankerite, argentite, azurite/malachite, biotite, bismuthinite, bismutite, bornite, carbonate, chalcocite, chalcopyrite, chlorite, chrysocolla, covellite, cuprite, emplectite, enargite/tenorite, epidote, galena, goethite, gold, hematite/specularite, kaolinite/dickite, luzonite, magnetite, molybdenite, muscovite/sericite, pyrite, pyrrhotite, scheelite, silver, sphalerite, Te-minerals, tetrahedrite/tennantite, wittichenite
Associated rocks aplite, diorite porphyry, gabbro, granite porphyry, granodiorite porphyry, hornfels, lamprophyre, quartz monzonite, skarn, syenite porphyry, diorite, limestone, andesite, andesite breccia, andesite tuff, granite, granodiorite, monzonite
Tectonic setting postconvergence
Stratigraphic age late Oligocene

Commodity and development information

Development status Producer
Major commodities Cu, Mo
Minor commodities Au
Trace commodities Ag, Re, Se, Te, Bi
Tonnage (Mt) 1,700Mt
Cu grade (%) 0.27%
Mo grade (%) 0.055%
Au grade (g/t) 0.65g/t
Ag grade (g/t) 2g/t
Contained copper 4,600,000t
Gold-Moly ratio 12

Reference information

Comments Cu-Mo-Au porphyry deposit; alkaline to calc-alkaline post-collisional; open pit; in production.
Study area name Tethys
References Förster (1978); Gilmour and others (1995); Gugushvili and others (2010); Kekelia and Kekelia (2001); Kekelia and others (2004); Kirkham and Dunne (2000); Mining Journal (2005); Mining Journal (2011a); Moritz and others (2012); Murakami and others (2010); Norwest Mineral Sector Investment Focus (2003); Rundkvist (2001); Singer and others (2008); Tarkian and Stribrny (1999); U.S. Geological Survey (2012); Zvezdov and others (1993)
Site reference Zürcher and others (in press)
Förster, H., 1978, Mesozoic–Cenozoic metallogenesis in Iran: London, Journal of the Geological Society, v. 135, p. 443–455. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.135.4.0443.)
Gilmour, P., Andrew, R.L., Bernstein, M., Maxwell, I., and Morrissey, C.J., 1995, Porphyry copper deposits—History, recent developments, exploration, economics, in Pierce, F.W., and Bolm, J.G., eds., Porphyry copper deposits of the American Cordillera: Tucson, Arizona Geological Society Digest 20, p. 128–155.
Gugushvili, V., Popkhadze, N., Beridze, T., and Khutsishvili, S., 2010, Sources of base, precious and rare metals during the Tethyan Phanerozoic evolution of the Caucasus and Pontides, in Carpathian Balkan Geological Association Congress, 19th, Thessaloniki, Greece, September 23–26, 2010, Proceedings: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, School of Geology Scientific Annals, v. 100, p. 333–341. (Also available at http://geolib.geo.auth.gr/digeo/index.php/sasg/article/viewFile/7712/7468.)
Kekelia, Sergo, and Kekelia, Maren, 2001, Metallogenic map of the Caucasus, Arcview 3.2 format, in Moon, C., ed., Elaboration and quantification of metallogenic evolution of Alpine fold system—The Pontides-Lesser Caucasus sector of the Tethyan Eurasian metallogienic belt: International Association for the Promotion of Cooperation with Scientists of the Former Soviet Union (INTAS) Project 97-1416, CD-ROM.
Kekelia, Sergo; Kekelia, Maren; Otkhmezuri, Zarub; Özgür, Nevzat; and Moon, Charles, 2004, Ore-forming systems in volcanogenic-sedimentary sequences by the example of base metal deposits of the Caucasus and East Pontic Metallotect: Mineral Resources Exploration Bulletin, v. 129, p. 1–16. (Also available at http://www.mta.gov.tr/v2.0/eng/dergi_pdf/129/1.pdf.)Kirkham, R.V., and Dunne, K.P.E., comps., 2000, World distribution of porphyry, porphyry-associated skarn, and bulk-tonnage epithermal deposits and occurrences: Canada Geological Survey Open File 3792a, 26 p. and 1 diskette. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.4095/211229.)Mining Journal, 2005, Armenia - 2005: Mining Journal Web page accessed June 6, 2012, at http://www.mining-journal.com/armenia--2005. (Also available at http://www.mining-journal.com/reports/armenia---2005?SQ_DESIGN_NAME=print_friendly.)Mining Journal, 2011a, Armenia: Mining Journal Supplement, Special Publication—Armenia, 15 p. (Also available at http://www.mining-journal.com/__data/assets/supplement_file_attachment/0004/274972/Armenia_2011scr.pdf.)Moritz, R., Selby, D., Ovtcharova, M., Mederer, J., Melkonyan, R., Hovakimyan, S., Tayan, R., Popkhadze, N., Gugushvili, V., and Ramazanov, V., 2012, Diversity of geodynamic settings during Cu, Au and Mo ore formation in the Lesser Caucasus—New age constraints [abs.], in European Mineralogical Conference, 1st, Frankfurt, Germany, September 2–6, 2012, Proceedings: European Mineralogical Conference, v. 1, abstract EMC2012-745, 1 p. (Also available at http://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EMC2012/EMC2012-745.pdf.)Murakami, Hiroyasu; Seo, J.H.; and Heinrich., C.A., 2010, The relation between Cu/Au ratio and formation depth of porphyry-style Cu-Au ± Mo deposits: Mineralium Deposita, v. 45, p. 11–21. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00126-009-0255-1.)Norwest Mineral Sector Investment Focus, 2003, Armenia—Positive outlook for mineral sector growth: Norwest Corporation Ltd., 8 p. (Also available at http://www.globalgoldcorp.com/docs/20030901JICAnwMiningReport.pdf.)
Rundkvist, D.V., ed., 2001 [2002], Mineragenic map of Russian Federation and adjacent states (with the boundaries of former USSR): Russian Federation Ministry of Natural Resources, State Research and Development Enterprise (Aerogeologica), 49 p., Excel workbook, and 1 map on 18 sheets, scale 1:2,500,000, CD-ROM.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1155/.Tarkian, M., and Stribrny, B., 1999, Platinum-group elements in porphyry copper deposits—A reconnaissance study: Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 65, p. 161–183. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01161959.)U.S. Geological Survey, 2012, Mineral resource data system (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey database, accessed October 19, 2012, at http://mrdata.usgs.gov/mrds/.Zvezdov, V.S., Migachev, I.F., and Girfanov, M.M., 1993, Porphyry copper deposits of the CIS and the models of their formation: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 7, p. 511–549. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0169-1368(93)90013-O.)