Porphyry copper (Cu-Au) deposit in Heves, Hungary

Names and other identifiers

Tract name Dinaride-Aegean Region (150pCu6002)
Site status deposit

Geographic location

Country Hungary
State or province Heves
Geographic location 20.077771, 47.939271
Geologic map unit 20.077771, 47.939271
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Deposit subtype Cu-Au
Age (Ma) 35.5Ma
Age determination method unknown
Age range 35.7 to 34.9 ±4.9 Ma
Age reference Singer and others (2008)
Minerals adularia, albite, alunite, anhydrite/gypsum, barite, bitumen/oil, bornite, carbonate, chalcopyrite, chlorite, copper, enargite, epidote, galena, garnet, gold, graphite, kaolinite/dickite, luzonite, magnetite, marcasite, molybdenite, pyrite, pyrophyllite, pyrrhotite, rutile, sericite, serpentine, smectite/illite, sphalerite, tetrahedrite/tennantite
Associated rocks andesite porphyry, breccia, diorite porphyry, skarn, quartz diorite, quartzite, sandstone, siltstone, andesite, andesite agglomerate, andesite tuff, dacite, limestone, shale, spilite
Tectonic setting postconvergence
Stratigraphic age Eocene–Oligocene

Commodity and development information

Development status Producer
Major commodities Cu, Au, Mo
Tonnage (Mt) 700Mt
Cu grade (%) 0.66%
Mo grade (%) 0.005%
Au grade (g/t) 0.28g/t
Contained copper 4,600,000t
Gold-Moly ratio 60

Reference information

Comments Porphyry copper mine development from 1972. Reserves: (1) Porphyry copper: 159.3 Mt at 1.14% Cu, 0.01% Mo, 0.17 g/t Au, and 1.16 g/t Ag; (2) High-sulfidation gold: 32.4 Mt at 1.4 g/t Au (0.5 g/t cut-off); (3) Skarn: Cu 6 Mt at 2.19% Cu, and skarn Zn, 11.5 Mt at 4.98% Zn; (4) Replacement Pb and Zn: 36.6 Mt at 1.56% Pb and 3.4% Zn.
Study area name Europe
References Baksa and others (1980); Földessy (1996); Földessy and others (2004); Gatter and others (1999); Gilmour and others (1995); Herrington and others (2003); Hungarian Geological Survey (2002); Magyar Mining PLC (2007); Molnár (2007); Morvai (1982); Seres-Hartai (1998); Seres-Hartai (2000); Seres-Hartai and others (2001); Singer and others (2008)
Site reference Sutphin and others (2013)
Baksa, C., Cseh-Nemeth, J., Csillag, J., Foldessy, J., and Zelenka, T., 1980, The Recsk porphyry and skarn copper deposit, Hungary, in Jankovi?, S., and Sillitoe, R.H., eds., European copper deposits: Belgrade, Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits (SGA), UNESCO-IGCP International Symposium, Bor, Yugoslavia, September 18–22, 1979 [Proceedings], p. 73–76.
Földessy, J., 1996, Lahoca epithermal gold deposit, Recsk-Hungary, in Popov, P., ed., Plate tectonic aspects of the Alpine metallogeny in the Carpatho-Balkan region: UNESCO-IGCP Project No. 356 Annual Meeting, Sofia [Proceedings], v. 2, p. 67–74.
Földessy, J., Szebenyi, G., and Seresne-Hartai, E., 2004, Distribution of gold mineralization at the Recsk ore complex, NE Hungary: Acta Geologica Hungarica, v. 47, p. 247–258.
Gatter, I., Molnár, F., Földessy, J., Zelenka, T., Kiss, J. and Szebényi, G., 1999, High and low-sulfidation epithermal mineralization of the Mátra Mtns, Northeast Hungary, in Molnár F., Lexa J., and Hedenquist, J.W. eds., Epithermal mineralization of the Western Carpathians: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, v. 31, p.155–180.
Gilmour, P., Andrew, R.L., Bernstein, M., Maxwell, I., and Morrissey, C.J., 1995, Porphyry copper deposits—History, recent developments, exploration, economics, in Pierce, F.W., and Bolm, J.G., eds., Porphyry copper deposits of the American Cordillera: Tucson, Arizona Geological Society Digest 20, p. 128–155.
Herrington, R.J., First, D.M., and Kozelj, D., 2003, Copper porphyry deposits in Hungary, Serbia, Macedonia, Romania and Bulgaria, in Kelly, J.G., and others, eds., Europe’s major base metal deposits: Irish Association for Economic Geology (IAEG) Conference, Dublin, May 2000, p. 303–321.
Hungarian Geological Survey, 2002, Mineral resource situation of Hungary: Web page accessed June 15, 2009, at [Web page no longer available.]
Magyar Mining PLC, 2007, Recsk epithermal system: Web page accessed June 15, 2009, 7 p., at [Web page no longer available.]
Molnár, F., 2007, The Cu-Au-Ag-Zn-Pb ore complex at Recsk, Hungary—A uniquely preserved and explored porphyry-skarn-epithermal system in the Palaeogene magmatic belt of the Alp-Carpathian-Dinaride system, in Andrew, C.J., and Borg, G., eds., Mineral exploration and research—Digging deeper: Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits (SGA) Biennial Meeting, 9th, Dublin, Ireland, August 20–23, 2007 [Proceedings], v. 1, p. 153–156. (Abstract also available at
Morvai, G., 1982, Hungary, in Dunning, F.W., Mykura, W., and Slater, D., eds., Mineral deposits of Europe, Volume 2—Southeast Europe: London, The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mineralogical Society, p. 13–53.
Seres-Hartai, Éva, 1998, Past and possible future of the Lahóca mine, Recsk, Hungary—A historical review: Acta Montanistica Slovaca, v. 2, p. 123–128. (Also available at
Seres-Hartai, E., 2000, Forms and genetical aspects of native gold in the Lahóca deposit (Recsk, Mátra mountains): Folia Historico Naturalia Musei Matraensis, v. 24, p. 5–30.
Seres-Hartai, E., Földessy, J., and Kovács, Á., 2001, Mineralogy and genetic aspects of gold in the Lahóca (Recsk, Hungary) high sulfidation type epithermal deposit: Acta Montanistica Slovaca, v. 6, no. 1, p. 19–26.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at