Porphyry copper (Cu-Au) deposit in Hunedoara, Romania

Names and other identifiers

Alternate names Rovina Valley Project
Tract name Apuseni Mountains (150pCu6003)
Group name Rovina Valley Group
Included sites Group includes Colnic, Rovina, Valea Morii deposits and Ciresata and Valea Arsului prospects.
Site status deposit

Geographic location

Country Romania
State or province Hunedoara
Geographic location 22.9, 46.166667
Geologic map unit 22.9, 46.166667
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Deposit subtype Cu-Au
Age determination method Geologic inference
Age range Miocene
Age reference Singer and others (2008)
Minerals chalcopyrite, chlorite, epidote, magnetite, pyrite
Associated rocks andesite porphyry, diorite porphyry, andesite, dacitic tuff, rhyodacite, sandstone
Tectonic setting postconvergence
Stratigraphic age Miocene

Commodity and development information

Development status Prospect
Major commodities Cu, Au
Tonnage (Mt) 113Mt
Cu grade (%) 0.25%
Au grade (g/t) 0.36g/t
Contained copper 280,000t
Gold-Moly ratio -9999

Reference information

Comments 0.25% Cu cut-off. Exposed. The deposit is hosted in quartz andesite that penetrates detrital sediments and volcanic rocks in a subvolcanic setting. Location: center of pit based on Google Earth. Apuseni Mountains, Golden Quadrilateral.
Study area name Europe
References Berbeleac, Iliescu and others (1995); Berbeleac, Popa and others (1995); Carpathian Gold Inc. (2006); Carpathian Gold Inc. (2007); Carpathian Gold Inc. (2011b); Cumming (2007); Ianovici and others (1977); Singer and others (2008); Marketwire (2010)
Site reference Sutphin and others (2013)
Berbeleac, Ion; Iliescu, Dan; Andrei, Justin; Ciuculescu, Ovidiu; and Ciuculescu, Rodica, 1995, Relationships between alterations, porphyry copper-gold and base metal-gold hydrothermal vein mineralizations in Tertiary intrusions, Talagiu area, Zarand Mountains: Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, v. 76, p. 31–39.
Berbeleac, Ion, Popa, T., Marian, I., Iliescu, D., and Costea, C., 1995b, Neogene porphyry copper-gold and gold-bearing epithermal deposits in South Apuseni Mountains, Romania, in Congress of the Carpatho-Balkan Geological Association, 15th, Athens, Greece, September 17–20, 1995, Proceedings: Athens, Geological Society of Greece Special Publication 4, p. 665–670.
Carpathian Gold Inc., 2006, In discovery mode—Unlocking value that was previously unrecognized: Carpathian Gold Inc., presentation, 34 p., accessed June 15, 2009, at [Web page no longer available. See]Carpathian Gold Inc., 2007, Carpathian Gold announces initial mineral resource: Carpathian Gold Inc. press release, May 29, 2007, 5 p., accessed September 13, 2013, at Gold Inc., 2011b, Project details [About Romania]: accessed September 14, 2011, at
Cumming, J., 2007, Carpathian triumphs in Romania: The Northern Miner, July 16–22, 2007, p. 1–2.
Ianovici, V., Vlad, ?., Borco?, M., and Bo?tinescu, S., 1977, Alpine porphyry copper mineralization of West Romania: Mineralium Deposita, v. 12, p. 307–317. (Also available at, 2010, Carpathian receives a positive preliminary economic assessment for its Rovina Valley gold-copper project, Romania: Cloudbreak Resources Ltd. press release, March 23, 2010, 1 p.,accessed August 15, 2011, at, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at