Moldova Nouă

Porphyry copper deposit in Caras-Severin, Romania

Names and other identifiers

Alternate names Banat
Tract name Transylvania-Balkan Mountains (150pCu6001)
Site status deposit

Geographic location

Country Romania
State or province Caras-Severin
Geographic location 21.7025, 44.737778
Geologic map unit 21.7025, 44.737778
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Age (Ma) 65Ma
Age determination method unknown
Age range 65 Ma (Laramian)
Age reference Singer and others (2008)
Minerals anhydrite/gypsum, azurite/malachite, biotite, bornite, carbonates, chalcocite, chalcopyrite, chlorite, chrysocolla, covellite, epidote, galena, garnet, hematite/specularite, magnetite, marcasite, molybdenite, montmorillonite, pyrite, pyrrhotite, sericite, sphalerite, tetrahedrite, wollastonite
Associated rocks andesite, granodiorite, quartz diorite porphyry, skarn, dolomite, limestone
Tectonic setting continental margin
Stratigraphic age Late Cretaceous–Paleocene

Commodity and development information

Development status Producer
Major commodities Cu
Minor commodities Mo, Se, Au, Ag
Tonnage (Mt) 500Mt
Cu grade (%) 0.35%
Contained copper 1,800,000t
Gold-Moly ratio -9999

Reference information

Comments Host rock is quartz-diorite porphyry that penetrates carbonatic rock. The setting was subvolcanic. Cu, (Mo) are the reported metals present.
Study area name Europe
References Berza and others (1998); Bestinescu (1984); Borcos and others (1984); Cioflica and Vlad (1980); Cioflica and others (1995); Folea and Berbeleac (1987); Ianovici and Borcos (1982); Ianovici and others (1977); Ianovici and others (1990); Karamata and others (1997); Nastaseanu and Maier (1972); Singer and others (2008)
Site reference Sutphin and others (2013)
Berza, Tudor; Constantinescu, Emil; and Vlad, ?erban-Nicolae 1998, Upper Cretaceous magmatic series and associated mineralization in the Carpathian-Balkan orogen: Resource Geology, v. 48, no. 4, p. 291–306. (Also available at
Bestinescu, S., 1984, Porphyry copper systems in the southern Apuseni Mountains—Romania: International Geological Congress, 27th, Moscow, August 4–14, 1984, Abstracts, v. 6, Section 12, p. 49–50.
Borcos, M., Justin, A., and Berbeleac, I., 1984, Neogene porphyry copper ore deposits in the Metalifery Mountains in Transylvania: International Geological Congress, 27th, Moscow, August 4–14, 1984, Abstracts, v. 6, Section 12, p. 207.
Cioflica, G., Jude, R., Lupulescu, M., and Berbeleac, I., 1995, Porphyry-type deposits of Romania, in Pasava, Jan, and others, eds., Mineral deposits—From their origin to their environmental impacts: Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits (SGA) Biennial Meeting, 3d, Prague, 1995 [Proceedings], p. 431–434.
Cioflica, G., and Vlad, S., 1980, Copper sulfide deposits related to Laramian magmatism in Romania, in Jancovi?, S., and Sillitoe, R.H., eds., European copper deposits: Belgrade, Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits (SGA), UNESCO-IGCP International Symposium, Bor, Yugoslavia, September 18–22, 1979 [Proceedings], p. 67–72.
Folea, I.S., and Berbeleac, I., 1987, Copper-base metallogenesis in Romania, in S. Jankovi?, ed., Mineral deposits of the Tethyan Eurasian metallogenic belt between Alps and the Pamirs (selected examples): Belgrade, UNESCO-IGCP Project no. 169, p. 40–52.
Ianovici, V., and Borcos, M., 1982, Romania, in Dunning, F. W., Mykura, W., and Slater, D., eds., Mineral deposits of Europe, Volume 2—Southeast Europe: London, Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, p. 55–142.
Ianovici, V., Vlad, ?., Borco?, M., and Bo?tinescu, S., 1977, Alpine porphyry copper mineralization of West Romania: Mineralium Deposita, v. 12, p. 307–317. (Also available at
Ianovici, V., Neacsu, G., and Neascu, V., 1990, Li-bearing stevensite from Moldova Nou?, Romania: Clays and Clay Minerals, v. 38, no. 2, p. 171–178.
Karamata, S., Kneževi?, V., Pécskay, Z., and Djordjevi?, M., 1997, Magmatism and metallogeny of the Ridanj-Krepoljin belt (eastern Serbia) and their correlation with northern and eastern analogues: Mineralium Deposita, v. 32, p. 452–458. (Also available at
Nastaseanu, S., and Maier, O., eds., 1972, Moldova Nou?: Institutul Geologic, no. 139c, sheet L–34–116–C, scale 1:50,000.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at