Veliki Krivelj

Porphyry copper deposit in Bor, Serbia

Names and other identifiers

Tract name Transylvania-Balkan Mountains (150pCu6001)
Group name Bor Group
Included sites Group includes Bor, Borska Reka, and Veliki Krivelj deposits.
Site status deposit

Geographic location

Country Serbia
State or province Bor
Geographic location 22.115481, 44.121826
Geologic map unit 22.115481, 44.121826
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Age (Ma) 84Ma
Age determination method unknown
Age range 84–83 Ma
Age reference Singer and others (2008)
Minerals alunite, anhydrite/gypsum, biotite, bornite, chalcocite, chalcopyrite, chlorite, covellite, cubanite, enargite, epidote, fluorite, galena, garnet, hematite/specularite, kaolinite, magnetite, molybdenite, pyrite, pyrrhotite, pyrophyllite, scheelite, sericite, sphalerite, wollastonite, zeolite
Associated rocks andesite porphyry, dacite, diorite porphyry, quartz diorite porphyry, skarn, andesite, andesite agglomerate, andesite breccia, andesite tuff, argillite, limestone, shale
Tectonic setting continental margin
Stratigraphic age Late Cretaceous

Commodity and development information

Development status Prospect
Major commodities Cu, Au, Ag
Tonnage (Mt) 750Mt
Cu grade (%) 0.44%
Mo grade (%) 0.004%
Au grade (g/t) 0.068g/t
Contained copper 3,300,000t
Gold-Moly ratio 20

Reference information

Comments In concentrate: 16 ppb Pt, 70 ppb Pd. Exposed. Bor (Timoc) district.
Study area name Europe
References Anonymous (1973b); Armstrong and others (2005); Clark (1993); Clark and Ulrich (2004); Herrington and others (1998); Herrington and others (2003); Jankovic (1982); Jankovi? and others (1980); Monthel and others (2002); Tarkian and Stribrny (1999); Lips and others (2006); Ministry of Mining and Energy (2010); Singer and others (2008)
Site reference Sutphin and others (2013)
Anonymous, 1973b, Yugoslavia’s Krivelj project: Mining Magazine, May, p. 342–353.
Armstrong, R., Kozelj, D., and Herrington, R., 2005, The Majdanpek Cu-Au deposit of eastern Serbia, a review, in Porter, T.M., ed., Super porphyry copper and gold deposits—A global perspective: Adelaide, PGC Publishing, v. 2, p. 453–466. (Abstract also available at
Clark, A.H., 1993, Are outsize porphyry copper deposits either anatomically or environmentally distinctive?, in Whiting, B.H., Hodgson, C.J., and Mason, R., eds., Giant ore deposits: Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication 2, p. 213–283.
Clark, A.H., and Ulrich, T.D., 2004, 40Ar-39Ar age data for andesitic magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Timoc Massif, eastern Serbia–Implications for metallogenic relationships in the Bor copper-gold province: Mineralium Deposita, v. 39, p. 256–262. (Also available at, R.J., Jankovi?, S., and Kozelj, D., 1998, The Bor and Majdanpek copper-gold deposits in the context of the Bor metallogenic zone (Serbia, Yugoslavia), in Porter, T.M., ed., Porphyry and hydrothermal copper and gold deposits a global perspective: Adelaide, PGC Publishing, Australian Mineral Foundation International Conference, Perth, Western Australia, November 30–December 1, 1998 [Proceedings], p. 185–194. (Abstract also available at
Herrington, R.J., First, D.M., and Kozelj, D., 2003, Copper porphyry deposits in Hungary, Serbia, Macedonia, Romania and Bulgaria, in Kelly, J.G., and others, eds., Europe’s major base metal deposits: Irish Association for Economic Geology (IAEG) Conference, Dublin, May 2000, p. 303–321.
Jankovi?, S., 1982, Yugoslavia, in Dunning, F.W., Mykura, W., and Slater, D., eds., Mineral deposits of Europe, Volume 2—Southeast Europe: London, The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mineralogical Society, p. 143–202.
Jankovi?, S., Terzic, M., Aleksic, D., Karamata, S., Spasov, T., Jovanovic, M., Milicic, M., Miscovic, V., Grubic, A., and Antonijevich, I., 1980, Metallogenic features of copper deposits in the volcano–intrusive complexes of the Bor district, Yugoslavia, in Jankovi?, S., and Sillitoe, R.H., eds., European copper deposits: Belgrade, Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits (SGA), UNESCO-IGCP International Symposium, Bor, Yugoslavia, September 18–22, 1979 [Proceedings], p. 42–49.
Lips, A.L.W., Bouchot, V., Deschamps, Y., Leistel, J-M., Picot, J-C., and other BRGM colleagues, 2006, A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits of Europe—Finalized initial database on primary and secondary resources for biotechnological metal extraction: BRGM, BioMinE Integrated Project (FP6 IP 500239), Deliverable DI.3 - Final Report, BRGM/RP-54957-FR, 124 p. (Abstract also available at, J., Vadala, P., Leistel, J.M., Cottard, F., Ilic, M., Strumberger, A., Tosovic, R., and Stepanovic, A., 2002, Mineral deposits and mining districts of Serbia—Compilation map and GIS databases: Serbia Ministry of Mining and Energy, Geoinstitut, and BRGM, BRGM/RC-51448-FR, 67 p. and appendixes, databases, and map, scale 1:750,000, CD-ROM. (Also available at[Serbia] Ministry of Mining and Energy, 2010, Mineral deposits of Serbia—Ore deposit database: [Serbia] Ministry of Mining and Energy, Report BRGM/RC-51448-FR, 301 p., accessed September 13, 2013, at, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at, M., and Stribrny, B., 1999, Platinum-group elements in porphyry copper deposits—A reconnaissance study: Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 65, p. 161–183. (Also available at