Porphyry copper (Cu-Au) deposit in Bor, Serbia

Names and other identifiers

Alternate names Bor Basin
Tract name Transylvania-Balkan Mountains (150pCu6001)
Group name Bor Group
Included sites Group includes Bor, Borska Reka, and Veliki Krivelj deposits.
Site status deposit

Geographic location

Country Serbia
State or province Bor
Geographic location 22.101237, 44.087787
Geologic map unit 22.101237, 44.087787
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Deposit subtype Cu-Au
Age (Ma) 84.6Ma
Age determination method unknown
Age range 84.6 ±1.2 Ma
Age reference Singer and others (2008)
Minerals alunite, anhydrite/gypsum, arsenosulvanite, barite, bornite, carbonate, chalcocite/digenite, chalcopyrite, chlorite, colusite, covellite, diaspore, enargite, galena, hematite/specularite, kaolinite/dickite, magnetite, marcasite, molybdenite, montmorillonite, pyrite, pyrophyllite, pyrrhotite, sericite, sphalerite, sulfur, sulvanite, tetrahedrite/tennantite, zunyite
Associated rocks andesite porphyry, andesite, andesite tuff, argillite, conglomerate, dacite, quartz diorite porphyry, siltstone
Tectonic setting continental margin
Stratigraphic age Late Cretaceous

Commodity and development information

Development status Producer
Major commodities Cu, Au
Tonnage (Mt) 800Mt
Cu grade (%) 0.84%
Au grade (g/t) 0.39g/t
Contained copper 6,700,000t
Gold-Moly ratio -9999

Reference information

Comments Tonnage includes production and resource of porphyry (600 Mt) and high-sulfidation (200 Mt) ores (Armstrong and others, 2005). In concentrate: 19 ppb Pt, 40 ppb Pd. In pyrite and chalcopyrite: 0.01 to 0.4% Ti and Ni; 0.01 to 0.44% Zn, Ga, Ge, Sn, Sb, Pb; 0.02 to 0.22% As, Se, and Te; 0.9% average Mo (Pavicevic and others, 1995). Exposed. Bor district is estimated to contain 15 Mt Cu, 700 t Au, and 4,500 t Ag in ore of 0.3 to 0.4% Cu. Location: Google Earth image in Bor pit. Bor (Timoc) district.
Study area name Europe
References Armstrong and others (2005); Clark (1993); Clark and Ulrich (2004); Herrington and others (1998); Herrington and others (2003); Jankovic (1982); Jankovic (1990); Jankovi? and others (1980); Kachalovskaya and others (1975); Kozelj and Jelenkovic (2001); Monthel and others (2002); Pavicevic and others (1995); Tarkian and Stribrny (1999); Serbia Ministry of Mining and Energy (2010); Lerouge and others (2005); Singer and others (2008)
Site reference Sutphin and others (2013)
Armstrong, R., Kozelj, D., and Herrington, R., 2005, The Majdanpek Cu-Au deposit of eastern Serbia, a review, in Porter, T.M., ed., Super porphyry copper and gold deposits—A global perspective: Adelaide, PGC Publishing, v. 2, p. 453–466. (Abstract also available at
Clark, A.H., 1993, Are outsize porphyry copper deposits either anatomically or environmentally distinctive?, in Whiting, B.H., Hodgson, C.J., and Mason, R., eds., Giant ore deposits: Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication 2, p. 213–283.
Clark, A.H., and Ulrich, T.D., 2004, 40Ar-39Ar age data for andesitic magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Timoc Massif, eastern Serbia–Implications for metallogenic relationships in the Bor copper-gold province: Mineralium Deposita, v. 39, p. 256–262. (Also available at, R.J., Jankovi?, S., and Kozelj, D., 1998, The Bor and Majdanpek copper-gold deposits in the context of the Bor metallogenic zone (Serbia, Yugoslavia), in Porter, T.M., ed., Porphyry and hydrothermal copper and gold deposits a global perspective: Adelaide, PGC Publishing, Australian Mineral Foundation International Conference, Perth, Western Australia, November 30–December 1, 1998 [Proceedings], p. 185–194. (Abstract also available at
Herrington, R.J., First, D.M., and Kozelj, D., 2003, Copper porphyry deposits in Hungary, Serbia, Macedonia, Romania and Bulgaria, in Kelly, J.G., and others, eds., Europe’s major base metal deposits: Irish Association for Economic Geology (IAEG) Conference, Dublin, May 2000, p. 303–321.
Jankovi?, S., 1982, Yugoslavia, in Dunning, F.W., Mykura, W., and Slater, D., eds., Mineral deposits of Europe, Volume 2—Southeast Europe: London, The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mineralogical Society, p. 143–202.
Jankovi?, S., 1990, Types of copper deposits related to volcanic environment in the Bor district, Yugoslavia: Geologishe Rundschau v. 79, p. 467–478.
Jankovi?, S., Terzic, M., Aleksic, D., Karamata, S., Spasov, T., Jovanovic, M., Milicic, M., Miscovic, V., Grubic, A., and Antonijevich, I., 1980, Metallogenic features of copper deposits in the volcano–intrusive complexes of the Bor district, Yugoslavia, in Jankovi?, S., and Sillitoe, R.H., eds., European copper deposits: Belgrade, Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits (SGA), UNESCO-IGCP International Symposium, Bor, Yugoslavia, September 18–22, 1979 [Proceedings], p. 42–49.
Kachalovskaya, V.M., Osipov, B.S., Kukoev, V.A., Kozlova, E.A., and Basova, G.V., 1975, Colusite, arsensulvanite and sulvanite from copper ores of the Bor deposit, Yugoslavia, in Tamarinov, P.M., ed., Minerals and mineral paragenezisy endogennykh mestorozhdeni [Minerals and mineral paragenisis of endogene deposits]: Leningrad, Nauka, p. 98–104. [In Russian.]
Kozelj, D.I., and Jelenkovic, R.J., 2001, Ore forming environment of epithermal gold mineralization in the Bor metallogenic zone, Serbia, Yugoslavia, in Piestrzy?ski, Adam, and others, eds., Mineral deposits at the beginning of the 21st century: Lisse, The Netherlands, A.A. Balkema Publishers, Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits (SGA) Biennial Meeting, 6th, Krakow, Poland, August 26–29, 2001 [Proceedings], p. 535–538.
Lerouge, C., Bailly, L., Béchu, E., Fléhoc, C., Genna, A., Lescuyer, J.L., Stein, G., Gillot, P.Y., and Kozelj, D., 2005, Age and origin of advanced argillic alteration at the Bor Cu-Au deposit, Serbia, chap. 5-6 of Mao, Jingwen, and Bierlein, F.P., eds., Mineral deposit research—Meeting the global challenge: Springer, Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits (SGA) Biennial Meeting, 8th, Beijing, China, August 18–21, 2005 [Proceedings], v. 1, p. 541–544. (Also available at, J., Vadala, P., Leistel, J.M., Cottard, F., Ilic, M., Strumberger, A., Tosovic, R., and Stepanovic, A., 2002, Mineral deposits and mining districts of Serbia—Compilation map and GIS databases: Serbia Ministry of Mining and Energy, Geoinstitut, and BRGM, BRGM/RC-51448-FR, 67 p. and appendixes, databases, and map, scale 1:750,000, CD-ROM. (Also available at
Pavicevic, M.K., Krajnovic, D., Cvetcovic, L., and Grzetic, I., 1995, The trace elements in chalcopyrite and pyrite in the Bor copper deposits, in Eliopoulos, D.G., Economou-Eliopoulos, M., Strashimirov, S., Kovachev, V., and Zhelyskova-Panayotova, M., Gold, platinum and palladium content in Cu-deposits from Bulgaria—A study in progress: Athens, Geological Society of Greece Special Publication 4, Carpatho-Balkan Geological Association Congress, 15th, Athens, Greece, September 17–20, 1995 [Proceedings], p. 804–807.
[Serbia] Ministry of Mining and Energy, 2010, Mineral deposits of Serbia—Ore deposit database: [Serbia] Ministry of Mining and Energy, Report BRGM/RC-51448-FR, 301 p., accessed September 13, 2013, at, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at, M., and Stribrny, B., 1999, Platinum-group elements in porphyry copper deposits—A reconnaissance study: Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 65, p. 161–183. (Also available at