Porphyry copper deposit in Kirklareli, Turkey

Names and other identifiers

Alternate names Ikiztepe-Sarp, Demirköy
Tract name Transylvania-Balkan Mountains (150pCu6001)
Site status deposit

Geographic location

Country Turkey
State or province Kirklareli
Geographic location 27.712932, 41.833341
Geologic map unit 27.712932, 41.833341
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Age (Ma) 75Ma
Age determination method unknown
Age range 85–65 Ma
Age reference Singer and others (2008)
Minerals bornite, chalcopyrite, enargite, limonite, molybdenite, pyrite, scheelite
Associated rocks granodiorite porphyry, hornfels, skarn, gneiss, granite, spilite, dacite, granodiorite, limestone, rhyolite tuff
Tectonic setting continental margin
Stratigraphic age Late Cretaceous

Commodity and development information

Development status Prospect
Major commodities Cu
Minor commodities Mo, W, Au
Tonnage (Mt) 237Mt
Cu grade (%) 0.29%
Mo grade (%) 0.004%
Contained copper 690,000t
Gold-Moly ratio -9999

Reference information

Comments Ikiztepe (Ikiztepe Hill) is the site of several copper-molybdenum-gold skarn-porphyry-type mineral occurrences. Cu-Mo-W mineralization is associated with granodioritic to quartz monzonitic granitoids (Ohta and others, 1988). Mo mineralization is conspicuous (Yigit, 2009). Skarn mineralization occurs where the granitoids encountered calcic rocks such as dolomitic limestone (Taner and Çagatay, 1983). Mineral suites consistent with skarn deposits (diopside, actinolite, biotite, garnet, titanite, tremolite) and those consistent with porphyry deposits (chalcocite, molybdenite, chalcopyrite) are present (Taner and Ça?atay, 1983). Tungsten mineralization occurs as scheelite and wolframite (Taner and Ça?atay, 1983). Ikiztepe is one of the most important ore deposits in the Thrace region because it has been worked for copper, molybdenum and tungsten (Taner and Ça?atay, 1983). From the 1970s to the early 1990s, exploration focused on part of the known skarn deposit at Ikiztepe where drilling delineated several mineralized areas (Slim, 2006). In 1978, Granges International Mining calculated a resource of 2.2 Mt at 1.17 percent Cu and 0.07 percent Mo in the skarn and 13.5 Mt at 0.52 percent Cu and 0.05 percent Mo of disseminated porphyry style mineralization (News Blaze, 2007).
Study area name Europe
References Anatolia Minerals Development Ltd. (2005); Cloudbreak Resources Ltd. (2006); Cloudbreak Resources Ltd. (2007); Engin (2002); Marketwire (2007); Ohta and others (1988); Slim (2006); Taner and Ça?atay (1983); Yigit (2009); Young (2010); Singer and others (2008)
Site reference Sutphin and others (2013)
Anatolia Minerals Development Ltd., 2005, Key projects-lkiztepe/Demirkoy copper-molybdenum: accessed May 15, 2011, at http://www.anatoliaminerals.com/projects.cfm?pid=20&id=48. [Web page no longer available.]
Cloudbreak Resources Ltd., 2006, Ikiztepe-Sarp review, 33 p.: accessed June 15, 2011, at www.stocksjournal.com/CDB/I-Sarp43-101rpt.pdf. [Web page no longer available.]
Cloudbreak Resources Ltd., 2007, Cloudbreak continues to expand its Ikiztepe-Sarp copper porphyry deposits in northwest Turkey: Cloudbreak Resources Ltd. press release, November 19, 2007, 2 p., accessed Jun 15, 2011, at http://www.marketwire.com/mw/release.do?id=794653.
Engin, T., 2002, Mineral deposits in Turkey, in Tvalchrelidze, A.G., and Morizot, G., eds., Mineral resource base of the Southern Caucasus and systems for its management in the XXI century: Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, NATO Science Series, IV. Earth and Environment Sciences, v. 17, p. 81–104.
Marketwire, 2007, Cloudbreak outlines priority targets, Announces 2007 exploration plan in Turkey: Cloudbreak Resources Ltd. press release, March 23, 2007, 1 p., accessed August 31, 2011, at http://www.marketwire.com/press-release/Cloudbreak-Outlines-Priority-Targets-Announces-2007-Exploration-Program-in-Turkey-TSX-VENTURE-CDB-642014.htm.Ohta, Eijun; Dogan, Ramazan; Batik, Hasan; and Abe, Masayuki, 1988, Geology and mineralization of Derekoy porphyry copper deposit, northern Thrace, Turkey: Japan Geological Survey Bulletin, v. 39, no. 2, p. 115–133. (Also available at https://www.gsj.jp/data/bull-gsj/39-02_04.pdf.)Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1155/.
Slim, Bryan, 2006, Ikiztepe-Sarp review: Minestart Management Inc. National Instrument 43-101 Technical Report prepared for Cloudbreak Resources Ltd., 35 p., accessed August 3, 2011, at http://www.stocksjournal.com/CDB/I-Sarp43-101rpt.pdf. [Web page no longer available.]
Taner, M.F., and Ça?atay, Ahmet, 1983, Geology and mineralogy of the ore deposits of the Istranca Massif: Geological Society of Turkey Bulletin, v. 26, p. 3–40. [In Turkish.]
Yigit, Ozcan, 2009, Mineral deposits of Turkey in relation to Tethyan metallogeny—Implications for future mineral exploration: Economic Geology, v. 104, p. 19–51. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.2113/gsecongeo.104.1.19.)
Young, B.B., 2010, Sarp property, Kirklarelli province, Turkey: National Instrument 43-101 Technical Report prepared for Valahalla Resources Ltd., 76 p.