Porphyry copper deposit in Qaraghandy oblysy, Kazakhstan

Names and other identifiers

Tract name Late Paleozoic Balkhash-Ili magmatic arc (west) (142pCu8003c)
Site status deposit

Geographic location

Country Kazakhstan
State or province Qaraghandy oblysy
Geographic location 73.198611, 46.256667
Geologic map unit 73.198611, 46.256667
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Age determination method Geologic inference
Age range mid-Carboniferous–Late Carboniferous
Age reference Singer and others (2008)
Minerals azurite/malachite, bornite, chalcocite, chalcopyrite, chlorite, chrysocolla, covellite, galena, hematite, limonite, molybdenite, pyrite, pyrrhotite, sericite, sphalerite, tenorite
Associated rocks breccia, granite porphyry, hornfels, tonalite porphyry, conglomerate, ignimbrite, rhyodacite, rhyolite, rhyolite lava breccia, sandstone, tuff
Tectonic setting continental margin
Stratigraphic age mid-Carboniferous–Late Carboniferous

Commodity and development information

Development status Prospect
Major commodities Cu
Minor commodities Mo, Ag, Zn, Pb
Tonnage (Mt) 324Mt
Cu grade (%) 0.27%
Mo grade (%) 0.007%
Au grade (g/t) 0.024g/t
Contained copper 870,000t
Gold-Moly ratio 3

Reference information

Comments Grade: 0.26–0.33% Cu (0.3% Cu, in the average), 0.003–0.009% Mo (0.007% Mo, in the average). Geologically the deposit comprises of a Vendlockian–Ludlowian effusive-sedimentary bed of sandstones with interbeds of tuffs, gritstones and conglomerates found in the east and south of the area; of liparite and liparite-dacite lavas, tufaceous lavas, tuffs, ignimbrites, all probably of Upper Devonian age and which occur in the western and southwestern flanks of the deposit. A complex shaped intrusive body of plagiogranite porphyries strikes northwesterly for 2 km and has a thickness of 0.6–0.8 km. The contacts between the massif and the host rocks are steep and dip toward the center. Three varieties of intrusive rocks have been recognized: basic quartz plagiodiorite porphyrites, plagiogranite porphyrities with a predominant allotriomorphic granular or a granular mass, plagiogranite porphyries with a predominant felsite mass. Dikes of granite porphyries occupy faults around the plagiogranite porphyries. The ore-bearing quartz-sulfide stockwork is accompanied by quartz-sericite alteration, quartz-feldspar, and quartz-carbonate veinlets. Mineralization is pervasive. Orebody dimensions are 750–1900 m along the strike, 200–800 m down dip and 8–123 m thick. Discovered in 1954 by Volobuev V.I.
Study area name West Central Asia
References Kolesnikov and others (1986); Kudryavtsev (1996); Zhukov and others (1998); Singer and others (2008)
Site reference Berger and others (2014)
Kolesnikov, V.V., Zhukov, N.M., Solodilova, V.V., and Filimonova, L.E., 1986, Porphyry copper deposits of the Balkhash region: Alma Ata, Nauka Press, 199 p. [In Russian.]
Kudryavtsev, Yu.K., 1996, The Cu-Mo deposits of central Kazakhstan, in Shatov, V., Seltmann, R., Kremenetsky, A., Lehmann, B., Propov, V., and Ermolov, P., eds., Granite-related ore deposits of central Kazakhstan and adjacent areas: St. Petersburg, Glagol Publishing House, International Association on the Genesis of Ore Deposits (IAGOD), Working Group on Tin and Tungsten Deposits (WGTT), INTAS-93-1783 Project ""Ore-bearing granites of Eurasia—Anatomy and magmatic-hydrothermal mechanisms of ore deposition"", p. 119–145.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at
Zhukov, N.M., Kolesnikov, V.V., Miroshnichenko, L.M., Egembaev, K.M., Pavlova, Z.N., and Bakarasov, E.V., comps., 1998, Copper deposits of Kazakhstan, in Abdulin, A.A., and others, eds., Mineral resources of Kazakhstan: Almaty, Kazakhstan Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources, 136 p.