Vlaykov Vruh Group

Porphyry copper Group in Pazardzhik, Bulgaria

Names and other identifiers

Tract name Transylvania-Balkan Mountains (150pCu6001)
Group name Vlaykov Vruh Group
Included sites Popovo Dere and Vlaykov Vruh deposits
Site status Group

Geographic location

Country Bulgaria
State or province Pazardzhik
Geographic location 24.184, 42.362
Geologic map unit 24.184, 42.362
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Age (Ma) 85.6
Age determination method unknown
Age range 85.6 ±0.15 Ma
Age reference Singer and others (2008)
Minerals aikinite, apatite, azurite/malachite, biotite, bornite, chalcocite, chalcopyrite, chrysocolla, covellite, galena, goethite, hematite, magnetite, molybdenite, pyrite, rutile, sericite, sphalerite, tennantite/tetrahedrite, tetradymite
Associated rocks breccia, dacite porphyry, granodiorite porphyry, gneiss, andesite, dacite, tuff, gneiss
Tectonic setting continental margin
Stratigraphic age Late Cretaceous

Commodity and development information

Development status Past Producer
Major commodities Cu
Minor commodities Mo, Au, Ag
Trace commodities Se
Tonnage (Mt) 85Mt
Cu grade (%) 0.23%
Contained copper 200,000t

Reference information

Comments This group record includes data for the Popovo Dere and Vlaykov Vruh deposits; as such, the location information has been generalized, and the total weighted average resource data represent the two deposits in the group.
Study area name Europe
References Bogdanov and others (1997); Lips (2006); Peytcheva and others (2003); Strashimirov and others (2002); Strashimirov and Popov (2000); von Quadt, Peytcheva and others (2005); Ciobanu and others (2002); Nakov and others (2002); Singer and others (2008); Zimmerman and others (2008)
Site reference Sutphin and others (2013)
Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., and Kuzmanov, K., 1997, Mineralogy of gold in the Elshitsa massive sulfide deposit, Sredna Gora zone, Bulgaria: Mineralium Deposita, v. 32, p. 219–229. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s001260050087.)
Peytcheva, I., von Quadt, A., Kouzmanov, K., Bogdanov, K., 2003, Elshitsa and Vlaykov Vruh epithermal and porphyry Cu(-Au) deposits of Central Srednogorie, Bulgaria—Source and timing of magmatism and mineralization, in Eliopoulos, D.G., and others, eds., Mineral exploration and sustainable development, v. 1: Rotterdam, Millpress, p. 371–373.
Strashimirov, Strashimir; Petrunov, Rumen; and Kanazirski, Milko, 2002, Porphyry-copper mineralization in the central Srednegorie zone, Bulgaria: Mineralium Deposita, v. 37, p. 587–598. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00126-002-0275-6.)
Strashimirov, S., and Popov, P., eds., 2000, Geology and metallogeny of the Panagyuriste ore region (Srednogorie zone, Bulgaria): Sofia, Publishing House St. Ivan Rilski, Geodynamics and Ore Deposit Evolution of the Alpine-Balkan-Carpathian-Dinaride region (ABCD-GEODE) Workshop, Borovets, Bulgaria, 2000, Excursion Guide (A and B), 50 p.
von Quadt, A., Peytcheva, I., Fanger, L., and Heinrich, C., 2005, The Elatsite porphyry Cu-Au deposit, Bulgaria—Ore deposit—Lat. 42° 45? N, Long. 24° 02? E: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 27, p. 128–129. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oregeorev.2005.07.022.)Ciobanu, C.L., Cook, N.J., and Stein, Holly, 2002, Regional setting and geochronology of the Late Cretaceous Banatitic magmatic and metallogenetic belt: Mineralium Deposita, v. 37, p. 541–567. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00126-002-0272-9.)Nakov, Radoslav; Kerestedjian, Thomas; and Kunov, Angel, 2002, The Silistar Intrusive, eastern Srednogorie Zone, Bulgaria—Structural data and potential for porphyry copper and epithermal systems: Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 11, p. 217–229. (Also available at http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/earth/issues/yer-02-11-3/yer-11-3-4-0010-1.pdf.)Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1155/.Zimmerman, Aaron; Stein, H.J.; Hannah, J.L.; Koželj, Dejan; Bogdanov, Kamen; and Berza, Tudor, 2008, Tectonic configuration of the Apuseni-Banat-Timok-Srednogorie belt, Balkans-South Carpathians constrained by high-precision Re-Os molybdenite ages: Mineralium Deposita, v. 43, p. 1–21. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00126-007-0149-z.)