Frieda River

Porphyry copper (Cu-Au) deposit in Sandaun, Papua New Guinea

Names and other identifiers

GMRAP ID 542
Tract name Maramuni Arc (009pCu7205)
Group name Frieda River
Included sites Nena, Horse-Ivaal, Koki, Ekwai, U.P., Ok Nerenere, Trukai
Site status deposit

Geographic location

Country Papua New Guinea
State or province Sandaun
Geographic location 141.783333, -4.7
Geologic map unit 141.783333, -4.7
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Deposit subtype Cu-Au
Age (Ma) 12Ma
Age determination method K-Ar
Age range 13.6 ±0.4 to 11.5 ±0.2 Ma
Age reference Whalen and others (1982)
Minerals actinolite, alunite, andalusite, anhydrite/gypsum, As-pyrite, arsenopyrite, azurite/malachite, barite, biotite, bismuthinite, bornite, calaverite, chalcocite, chalcopyrite, chlorite, copper, covellite, cuprite, diaspore, digenite, djurleite, diopside, electrum, enargite, epidote, galena, garnet, goethite/limonite, gold, goldfieldite, hematite/specularite, kaolinite/illite/dickite, magnetite, marcasite, molybdenite
Associated rocks andesite porphyry, breccia, dacite, diorite porphyry, hornfels, quartz diorite porphyry, skarn, trachyandesite, gabbro, phyllite, peridotite-pyroxenite sill, schist, andesite agglomerate, andesite breccia, andesite pyroclastics, conglomerate, diorite,limestone, sandstone, shale
Tectonic setting continental margin
Stratigraphic age Miocene

Commodity and development information

Development status Prospect
Major commodities Cu
Tonnage (Mt) 1,900Mt
Cu grade (%) 0.45%
Mo grade (%) 0.004%
Au grade (g/t) 0.22g/t
Ag grade (g/t) 0.7g/t
Contained copper 8,600,000t
Gold-Moly ratio 60

Reference information

Comments Exposed. Feasibility (2011).
Study area name Southeast Asia and Melanesia
References Andrew (1995); Highlands Pacific (2009a, 2009b); Singer and others (2008); Xstrata Copper (2011); Singer and others (2008); Asami and Britten (1980); Bainbridge and others (1994); Bainbridge and others (1998); Corbett and Leach (1998); Elliot (1994); Espi (1999); Espi and others (2002); Hall and others (1990); Holzberger and others (1996); Legge (1999); Lole (2005); Morrison and others (1999); Whalen and others (1982)
Site reference Hammarstrom and others (2013)
Andrew, R.L., 1995, Porphyry copper-gold deposits of the southwest Pacific: Mining Engineering, v. 47, no. 1, p. 33–38.
Asami, N., and Britten, R.M., 1980, The porphyry copper deposits at the Frieda River prospect, Papua New Guinea: Mining Geology Special Issue no. 8, p. 117–139.
Bainbridge, A.L., Corbett, G.J., and Leach, T.M., 1994, The Nena high sulfidation system, Frieda River Copper, Papua New Guinea, in Rogerson, R., ed., PNG Geology, Exploration and Mining Conference, Lae, Papua New Guinea, June 1994, Proceedings: Carlton, Australia, Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, p. 130–137. (Also available at http://www.ausimm.com.au/publications/epublication.aspx?ID=8467.)
Bainbridge, A.L., Hitchman, S.P., and De Ross, G.J., 1998, Nena copper-gold deposit, in Berkman, D.A., and Mackenzie, D.H., eds., Geology of Australian and Papua New Guinea mineral deposits: Carlton, Australia, Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Monograph 22, p. 855–861.
Corbett, G.J., and Leach, T.M., 1998, Southwest Pacific Rim gold-copper systems—Structure, alteration, and mineralization: Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication 6, 237 p.
Elliott, P.J., 1994, Geophysical studies of the Nena massive sulphide and Frieda porphyry copper deposits, Papua New Guinea, in Rogerson, R., ed., PNG Geology, Exploration and Mining Conference, Lae, Papua New Guinea, June 1994, Proceedings: Carlton, Australia, Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, p. 138–146. (Also available at http://www.ausimm.com.au/publications/epublication.aspx?ID=8447.)
Espi, J.O., 1999, Nena high sulphidation-type deposit, Frieda River, PNG—Host-rock types, hydrothermal alteration and copper-gold mineralization, in Weber, Graeme, ed., PACRIM ‘99 Congress—International Congress on Earth Science, Exploration and Mining around the Pacific Rim, Bali, Indonesia, October 10–13, 1999, Proceedings: Carlton, Australia, Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Publication Series no. 4/99, p. 473–481.
Espi, J.O., Kajiwara, Yoshimichi, Hawkins, M.A., and Bainbridge Tony, 2002, Hydrothermal alteration and Cu-Au mineralization at the Nena high sulfidation-type deposit, Frieda River, Papua New Guinea: Resource Geology, v. 52, no. 4, p. 301–313. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-3928.2002.tb00141.x.)
Hall, R.J., Britten, R.M., and Henry, D.D., 1990, Frieda River copper-gold deposits, in Hughes, F.E., ed., Geology of the mineral deposits of Australia and Papua New Guinea: Carlton, Australia, Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Monograph 14, p. 1709–1715.
Highlands Pacific, 2009a, Quarterly activities report - for the period ended 31st December 2009: Highlands Pacific Quarterly Report, 14 p. (Also available at http://www.highlandspacific.com/pdf/Dec_Quarterly_2009.pdf.)Highlands Pacific, 2009b, Update, Frieda Copper project, PNG: accessed January 15, 2010, at http://www.pomsox.
Holzberger, I., Bainbridge, T., Hitchman, S., and Wilkes, M., 1996, The Frieda River – Nena copper and gold deposits, discovery and assessment—A case example, in Porphyry related copper and gold deposits of the Asia Pacific region, Cairns, Australia, August 12-13, 1996, Proceedings: Glenside, Australia, Australian Mineral Foundation, p. 11.1–11.12.
Legge, P.J., 1999, Exploration reviews—Oceania—Papua New Guinea: Society of Economic Geologists SEG Newsletter, no. 37, p. 34. (Also available at http://www.segweb.org/pdf/publications/newsletters/1999/SEG-Newsletter-37-1999-April.pdf.)Lole, Howard, 2005, The exploration of potential mineral resources in Papua New Guinea: Pacific Economic Cooperation Coucil (PECC) Minerals Network Meeting (Mining economy—Development, and environmental protection), 3d, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China, September 9–11, 2005 [Proceedings], 26 p. (Also available at http://www.pecc.org/resources/doc_view/1295-the-exploration-of-potential-mineral-resources-in-papua-new-guinea-paper.)
Morrison, G., Kary, G., Handfield, R., and Frieda project staff, 1999, Intrusion-alteration-mineralization relationships in the Frieda River igneous complex, PNG, in Weber, Graeme, ed., PACRIM ‘99 Congress—International Congress on Earth Science, Exploration and Mining around the Pacific Rim, Bali, Indonesia, October 10–13, 1999, Proceedings: Carlton, Australia, Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Publication Series no. 4/99, p. 527–533.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1155/.Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1155/.Whalen, J.B., Britten, R.M., and McDougall, Ian, 1982, Geochronology and geochemistry of the Frieda River prospect area, Papua New Guinea: Eonomic Geology, v. 77, p. 592–616. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.2113/gsecongeo.77.3.592.)Xstrata Copper, 2011, Xstrata Copper announces mineral resource increase for the Frieda River copper-gold project in Papua New Guinea: Xstrata Copper press release dated February 8, 2011, accessed March 1, 2011, at http://www.xstrata.com/media/news/2011/02/08/0730CET/pdf.