Vlaykov Vruh

Porphyry copper deposit in Pazardzhik, Bulgaria

Names and other identifiers

Tract name Transylvania-Balkan Mountains (150pCu6001)
Group name Vlaykov Vruh Group
Included sites Group includes Popovo Dere and Vlaykov Vruh deposits.
Site status deposit

Geographic location

Country Bulgaria
State or province Pazardzhik
Geographic location 24.213821, 42.352997
Geologic map unit 24.213821, 42.352997
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Age (Ma) 85.6Ma
Age determination method unknown
Age range 85.6 ±0.15 Ma
Age reference Singer and others (2008)
Minerals aikinite, apatite, azurite/malachite, biotite, bornite, chalcocite, chalcopyrite, chrysocolla, covellite, galena, goethite, hematite, magnetite, molybdenite, pyrite, rutile, sericite, sphalerite, tennantite/tetrahedrite, tetradymite
Associated rocks breccia, dacite porphyry, granodiorite porphyry, gneiss, andesite, dacite, tuff, gneiss
Tectonic setting continental margin
Stratigraphic age Late Cretaceous

Commodity and development information

Development status Past Producer
Major commodities Cu
Tonnage (Mt) 10Mt
Cu grade (%) 0.46%
Contained copper 45,000t
Gold-Moly ratio -9999

Reference information

Comments Mined out 1962–1979. Exposed. Panagyurishte district.
Study area name Europe
References Bogdanov and others (1997); Peytcheva and others (2003); Strashimirov and others (2002); Strashimirov and Popov (2000); von Quadt, Peytcheva and others (2005); Ciobanu and others (2002); Nakov and others (2002); Singer and others (2008); Zimmerman and others (2008)
Site reference Sutphin and others (2013)
Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., and Kuzmanov, K., 1997, Mineralogy of gold in the Elshitsa massive sulfide deposit, Sredna Gora zone, Bulgaria: Mineralium Deposita, v. 32, p. 219–229. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s001260050087.)Ciobanu, C.L., Cook, N.J., and Stein, Holly, 2002, Regional setting and geochronology of the Late Cretaceous Banatitic magmatic and metallogenetic belt: Mineralium Deposita, v. 37, p. 541–567. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00126-002-0272-9.)Nakov, Radoslav; Kerestedjian, Thomas; and Kunov, Angel, 2002, The Silistar Intrusive, eastern Srednogorie Zone, Bulgaria—Structural data and potential for porphyry copper and epithermal systems: Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 11, p. 217–229. (Also available at http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/earth/issues/yer-02-11-3/yer-11-3-4-0010-1.pdf.)
Peytcheva, I., von Quadt, A., Kouzmanov, K., Bogdanov, K., 2003, Elshitsa and Vlaykov Vruh epithermal and porphyry Cu(-Au) deposits of Central Srednogorie, Bulgaria—Source and timing of magmatism and mineralization, in Eliopoulos, D.G., and others, eds., Mineral exploration and sustainable development, v. 1: Rotterdam, Millpress, p. 371–373.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1155/.Strashimirov, Strashimir; Petrunov, Rumen; and Kanazirski, Milko, 2002, Porphyry-copper mineralization in the central Srednegorie zone, Bulgaria: Mineralium Deposita, v. 37, p. 587–598. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00126-002-0275-6.)
Strashimirov, S., and Popov, P., eds., 2000, Geology and metallogeny of the Panagyuriste ore region (Srednogorie zone, Bulgaria): Sofia, Publishing House St. Ivan Rilski, Geodynamics and Ore Deposit Evolution of the Alpine-Balkan-Carpathian-Dinaride region (ABCD-GEODE) Workshop, Borovets, Bulgaria, 2000, Excursion Guide (A and B), 50 p.
von Quadt, A., Peytcheva, I., Fanger, L., and Heinrich, C., 2005, The Elatsite porphyry Cu-Au deposit, Bulgaria—Ore deposit—Lat. 42° 45? N, Long. 24° 02? E: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 27, p. 128–129. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oregeorev.2005.07.022.)Zimmerman, Aaron; Stein, H.J.; Hannah, J.L.; Koželj, Dejan; Bogdanov, Kamen; and Berza, Tudor, 2008, Tectonic configuration of the Apuseni-Banat-Timok-Srednogorie belt, Balkans-South Carpathians constrained by high-precision Re-Os molybdenite ages: Mineralium Deposita, v. 43, p. 1–21. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00126-007-0149-z.)