Porphyry copper deposit in Erzurum, Turkey

Names and other identifiers

Alternate names Ispir Vank
Tract name Pontide (Asia)—NE Turkey sub-tract (142pCu9004b)
Site status deposit

Geographic location

Country Turkey
State or province Erzurum
Geographic location 40.9047, 40.5777
Geologic map unit 40.9047, 40.5777
Nearby data

Geologic information

Deposit type Porphyry copper
Age (Ma) 59Ma
Age determination method unknown
Age range 59 Ma
Age reference Yigit (2009)
Minerals albite, barite, biotite, carbonate, chalcopyrite, chlorite, epidote, galena, hematite, kaolinite, montmorillonite, pyrite, sericite, sphalerite
Associated rocks breccia, diabase dike, granodiorite porphyry, quartz monzonite porphyry, quartz porphyry, dacite flow, granodiorite, mudstone, rhyolite flow, pyroclastics, shale, agglomerate, amphibolite, andesite flow, basalt flow, conglomerate, gneiss, limestone, marble, quartz monzonite, quartz porphyry intrusive breccia
Tectonic setting mixed
Stratigraphic age mid-Paleocene

Commodity and development information

Development status Prospect
Major commodities Cu, Mo
Tonnage (Mt) 74Mt
Cu grade (%) 0.31%
Mo grade (%) 0.022%
Contained copper 230,000t
Gold-Moly ratio -9999

Reference information

Comments Cu-Mo porphyry deposit; calcic calc-alkaline; exploration.
Study area name Tethys
References Eng?n and others (2000); Kirkham and Dunne (2000); Leaman and Staude (2002); Moon and others (2001); Singer and others (2008); Soylu (1999); Taylor (1978); Taylor and Fryer (1980); Yigit (2009)
Site reference Zürcher and others (in press)
Eng?n, Tando?an, Özkan, Y.Z., ?ener, Fahrettin, and Toprak, Birsen, 2000, Metallogenic map of Turkey: Ankara, Turkey General Directorate of Mineral Research and Exploration, 3 sheets, scale 1:1,000,000. (Also available at http://www.mta.gov.tr/v2.0/eng/maps.php?id=metallogeny.)Kirkham, R.V., and Dunne, K.P.E., comps., 2000, World distribution of porphyry, porphyry-associated skarn, and bulk-tonnage epithermal deposits and occurrences: Canada Geological Survey Open File 3792a, 26 p. and 1 diskette. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.4095/211229.)Leaman, Peter, and Staude, John-Mark, 2002, Metallogenic evolution of the western Tethys of Turkey and Iran, in Sugiuchi, N., ed., Mineral potential of Asia—A forum on Asian metallogeny and ore deposits, exploration and development potential, regulatory and investment climate, and management practicalities, Vancouver, Canada, January 21, 2002, Proceedings: Metal Mining Agency of Japan, p. 15–16, accessed September 13, 2012, at http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download;jsessionid=B237BEFF620F81E2D5278DBD486EBBF7?doi=, C.J., Gotsiridze, G., Gugushvili, V., Kekelia, M., Kekelia, S., Migineishvili, R., Otkhmezuri, Z., and Özgür, N., 2001, Comparison of mineral deposits between Georgian and Turkish sectors of the Tethyan metallogenic melt, in Piestrzynski, A., ed., Mineral deposits at the beginning of the 21st century: Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits (SGA) Biennial Meeting, 6th, Krakow, Poland, August 2001 [Proceedings], p. 309–312. (Also available at http://jeotermal.sdu.edu.tr/assets/uploads/sites/144/files/1-02052012.pdf.)Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., 2008, Porphyry copper deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155, [45] p. and digital data, accessed December 31, 2013, at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1155/.Soylu, Mesut, 1999, Modeling of porphyry copper mineralization of the Eastern Pontides: Ankara, Turkey, Middle East Technical University, Ph.D. dissertation, 127 p. (Also available at http://www.doganaydal.com/nesneler/kutuphanekitaplar/PORFIRI_CU_MODELLING_PONTID_M.SOYLU.PDF.)Taylor, R.P., 1978, The geology of the Bakirçay and Uluta? porphyry copper prospects, northern Turkey [abs.], in Evans, A.M., ed., Conference report—Mineralization associated with acid magmatism and other aspects of ore geology: London, Journal of the Geological Society, v. 135, p. 257. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.135.2.0253.)Taylor, R.P., and Fryer, B.J., 1980, Multiple-stage hydrothermal alteration in porphyry copper systems in northern Turkey—The temporal interplay of potassic, propylitic, and phyllic fluids: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 17, p. 901–926. (Also available at http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/pdf/10.1139/e80-088.)Yigit, Ozcan, 2009, Mineral deposits of Turkey in relation to Tethyan metallogeny—Implications for future mineral exploration: Economic Geology, v. 104, p. 19–51. (Also available at http://dx.doi.org/10.2113/gsecongeo.104.1.19.)